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Common Name: Bittercress
Cardamine pennsylvanica is a Biennial/Perennial up to 0.60 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
N. America - Newfoundland to Minnesota and Montana, south to Florida, Tennessee and Kansas.
Usually found in moist or wet soils[
], it grows in most soils and habitats in eastern N. America[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. A polymorphic species[
], it is closely related to C. parviflora[
]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
Prefers a moist humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade[
] but succeeds in most soils that are not dry[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. An excellent water cress substitute[
]. A slightly bitter flavour, but not disagreeable[
The grated raw root is used as a condiment[
The leaves and the flowering plant are carminative and digestive[
Seed - sow outdoors in a seedbed in a shady position in mid spring. Plant out in autumn or spring.