Campanula gundelia K.Koch
Campanula kirpicznikovii Fed.
Campanula lamiifolia Adam
Campanula lamiifolia M.Bieb.
Campanula leskovii Fed.
Campanula letschchumensis Kem.-Nath.
Campanula macrophylla Sims
Campanula makaschvilii E.A.Busch
Campanula ochroleuca (Kem.-Nath.) Kem.-Nath.
Medium alliariifolium (Willd.) Spach
Common Name: Cornish Bellflower
Flowering plant in cultivation
Photograph by: Franz Xaver
Campanula alliariifolia is an erect to ascending, herbaceous, perennial plant producing a cluster of branched or unbranched stems up to 70cm tall from a thick rootstock[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is often grown as an ornamental, where it makes a good ground cover.
W. Asia - northern Turkey, Caucasus
Open scrub and conifer forests, occasionally on cliffs but frequently on steep banks[
]. Naturalized on banks and rough ground, especially by railways, in southern England.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Campanula alliariifolia is fairly hardy-hardy, tolerating winter temperatures falling to at least -15°c[
Succeeds in any well-drained fertile soil[
], but prefers a moist well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in full sun, though it also tolerates partial shade[
]. When grown in exposed and windy positions, plants tend to grow better when in a poor soil[
If the plant is cut back as the flowers fade, it will usually produce a second flush of flowers later in the season[
The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[
]. The plants are self-fertile[
]. This species tends to produce seed abundantly in cultivation and will often self-sow[
There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. The leaves are rather hairy and, especially as they age, have a slightly unpleasant bitterness. They are acceptable as a minor ingredient in mixed salads, but are generally less than pleasant to eat on their own[
Flowers - a pleasant taste and texture with a slight sweetness[
Plants can be grown for ground cover when planted about 45cm apart each way, they form spreading clumps[
This species can be used to naturalize in the wild garden or in dappled shade in a woodland garden[
Seed - surface sow spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Basal cuttings in spring[
]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn[
]. The plant has a thick fleshy root with a number of crowns. Whilst this can be divided if great care is taken not to damage the root, it is not really recommended because the divisions take a long time to become established[