Calendula aegyptiaca Desf.
Calendula aegyptiaca Pers.
Calendula alata Rech.f.
Calendula arvensis Batt.
Calendula bicolor Raf.
Calendula brachyglossa Rupr. ex Bull.
Calendula byzantina DC.
Calendula ceratosperma Viv.
Calendula crista-galli Viv.
Calendula echinata DC.
Calendula gracilis DC.
Calendula karakalensis Vassilcz.
Calendula macroptera (Rouy) H.J.Cose
Calendula malacitana Boiss. & Reut.
Calendula malvaecarpa Pomel
Calendula micrantha Boiss. & Noë
Calendula micrantha Tineo & Guss.
Calendula parviflora Boiss.
Calendula parviflora Raf.
Calendula persica C.A.Mey.
Calendula platycarpa Coss.
Calendula repanda Boiss. & Noë
Calendula sancta L.
Calendula sicula DC.
Calendula sinuata Boiss. & Gaill.
Calendula stellata intermedia Coss.
Calendula subinermis Pomel
Calendula sublanata Rchb.f.
Calendula sylvestris Garsault
Calendula undulata J.Gay ex Gaudin
Caltha arvensis (L.) Moench
Caltha arvensis Vaill.
Caltha graveolens Gilib.
Common Name: Field Marigold
Calendula arvensis is an erect, annual plant with a much-branched stem that can grow up to 30cm tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens.
Southern Europe - Portugal to Greece and Bulgaria; W. Asia - Turkey, Caucasus, Syria to Israel; N. Africa - Macaronesia to Egypt
Fields, vineyards and waste ground[
An easily grown and very ornamental plant, it succeeds in any well-drained soil[
], though it prefers a good loam and does best in a sunny or at least partially sunny position[
]. The plant flowers best when it is grown in a poor soil.
Plants usually self-sow quite freely in the garden.
Young shoots and leaves - raw or cooked[
]. The leaves are very rich in vitamins and minerals, they are similar to Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion) in nutritional value[
Flower heads - pickled[
The leaves are diaphoretic[
The flowers are said to be antispasmodic, emmenagogue and stimulant[
Calendula arvensis seems to have similar therapeutic properties to pot marigold, (Calendula officinalis)[
]. These properties are:-
Pot marigold is one of the best known and versatile herbs in Western herbal medicine and is also a popular domestic remedy[
]. It is, above all, a remedy for skin problems and is applied externally to bites and stings, sprains, wounds, sore eyes, varicose veins etc[
]. It is also a cleansing and detoxifying herb and is taken internally in treating fevers and chronic infections[
]. Only the common deep-orange flowered variety is considered to be of medicinal value[
The whole plant, but especially the flowers and the leaves, is antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperient, astringent, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, skin, stimulant and vulnerary[
]. The leaves can be used fresh or dried, they are best harvested in the morning of a fine sunny day just after the dew has dried from them[
]. The flowers are also used fresh or dried, for drying they are harvested when fully open and need to be dried quickly in the shade[
A tea of the petals tones up the circulation and, taken regularly, can ease varicose veins[
An application of the crushed stems to corns and warts will soon render them easily removable[
The leaves, blossoms and buds are used to make a homeopathic remedy[
]. It is used internally in order to speed the healing of wounds[
Seed - sow in situ from spring to early summer and again in September. The seed germinates best in darkness and usually within 1 - 2 weeks at 21°c[