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Useful Temperate Plants

Bromus tectorum

L.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Anisantha pontica K.Koch

Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski

Bromus abortiflorus St.-Amans

Bromus australis R.Br.

Bromus avenaceus Lam.

Bromus dumetorum Lam.

Bromus lateripronus St.-Lag.

Bromus longipilus Kumm. & Sendtn.

Bromus mairei Sennen & Mauricio

Bromus nutans St.-Lag.

Bromus scabriflorus Opiz

Bromus setaceus Buckley

Bromus sterilis Láng ex Kumm. & Sendtn.

Bromus tectorius Dulac

Festuca tectorum Jess.

Genea tectorum (L.) Dumort.

Schedonorus tectorum (L.) Fr.

Zerna tectorum (L.) Panz.

Common Name: Cheat Grass

No Image.

General Information

Bromus tectorum is an erect, clump-forming annual grass; it can grow up to 50cm tall., though can also flower when only 3cm tall in very poor growing conditions[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
This species is a widespread weed, adventive in most temperate regions of the world[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. It is a highly invasive exotic weed that can remain a dominant species for prolonged periods of time. It is one of the few invasive annual exotic species that is a major weed of rangelands and agronomic fields in North America[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
]. The plant has tremendous phenotypic plasticity, with self fertilization permitting continuous replication of successful genotypes, and occasional out-crossing inducing genotypic variability and adaptation to new environments. Seeds have the advantage of simultaneous germination and, through dormancy acquired in the seedbed, continuous germination and the development of large, persistent seedbanks. It also has an excellent long-distance seed dispersal mechanism through contamination of seed lots of crop species and through wool, hair, clothing, and vehicle contamination[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
]. The plant has been shown to significantly reduce cereal yields where it is a weed and also, where it invades native range, to greatly increase the risk and severity of wild fires[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Known Hazards

The awns of the plant can cause mechanical injury to grazing animals[
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
]. The caryopsis is covered with silicon barbs that aid in attachment to wool, hair and clothing and has a recurved, sharp-tipped awn. The awn moves with wetting and drying, forcing the sharp point of the caryopses deeper into wool or hair and even into the flesh, eyes, ears or toes of animals[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
236
Title
Manual of the Grasses of the United States
Publication
 
Author
Hitchcock. A. S.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1971
ISBN
0-486-22717-0
Description
A nice and comprehensive flora, though a bit dated. Good line drawings of each plant, plus a brief idea of the habitat and a few notes on plant uses. Not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Eurasia - Norway to Spain, east through the Caucasus and Turkey to Mongolia, China and N. India; N. Africa - Morocco to Tunisia; Arabian Peninsula

Habitat

Grassy places, dry slopes, river beaches, dry sandy places, wastelands, roadsides; at elevations from 100 - 3,400( metres, occasionally to 4,200 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Roadsides and waste places, also growing in thatched roofs in Eastern N. America[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsWind, Cleistogamous
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Bromus tectorum has a wide range of climatic tolerances. It grows best in regions where the mean annual temperate can range from 5 - 15°c, with a mean temperature in the hottest month ranging from 30 - 40°c and in the coldest month from -5 to 0°c. It can tolerate an absolute minimum of -40°c[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
Succeeds in ordinary well-drained garden soil in a sunny position[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Tolerant of poor soils and saline soils[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
In addition to open-pollinated flowers, the plant also has cleistogamous flowers - these do not open but produce seed by means of self-fertilization.

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. A famine food, the small seed can be cooked into a gruel in times of food shortage[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].
A coffee is made from the roasted seed[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
].

Medicinal

A paste made from the seeds is applied as a poultice to the chest to relieve chest pains[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Other Uses

The leaves have been used as a bedding[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ and only just cover. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-01-31. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bromus+tectorum>

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