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Useful Temperate Plants

Bromus hordeaceus

L.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Avena mollis (L.) Salisb.

Bromus affinis (Dumort.) B.D.Jacks.

Bromus arenarius Thom.-Desm.

Bromus atticus Steud. ex Nyman

Bromus baumgartenii Steud.

Bromus braunii Sennen & Mauricio

Bromus compactus Steud.

Bromus confertus (G.Mey.) Boreau

Bromus coytaei Curtis

Bromus demissus Porta

Bromus glomeratus Tausch

Bromus hordeaceus lloydianus E.S.Marshall

Bromus hordeaceus molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) Halácsy

Bromus intermedius divaricatus Bonnier & Layens

Bromus jansenii A.Camus

Bromus javorkae Pénzes

Bromus leptostachys pubescens Fouill. ex B.de Lesd.

Bromus leptostachys thominei (Hardouin) Fouill. ex B.de Lesd.

Bromus lloydianus (Godr. & Gren.) Nyman

Bromus megapotamicus Spreng.

Bromus molliformis J.Lloyd ex Billot

Bromus mollis L.

Bromus nanus Weigel

Bromus parvispiculatus H.Scholz

Bromus pratensis simplex Fr.

Bromus secalinus hordeaceus (L.) Huds.

Bromus segetalis hordeaceus (L.) Döll

Bromus simplex Gaudin

Bromus simplicissimus Ces.

Bromus thominei Hardouin

Bromus velutinus H.C.Watson

Forasaccus mollis (L.) Bubani

Serrafalcus hordeaceus (L.) Godr. & Gren.

Serrafalcus lloydianus Godr. & Gren.

Serrafalcus molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) F.W.Schultz

Serrafalcus mollis (L.) Parl.

Serrafalcus pauciflorus Lojac.

Serrafalcus rigens Samp.

Serrafalcus siculus Lojac.

Serrafalcus thominei (Hardouin) Stapf

Serrafalcus tineoi Lojac.

Common Name: Soft Brome

No Image.

General Information

Bromus hordeaceus is an erect, annual to biennial grass with a creeping or obliquely ascending base; it can grow 30 - 80cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is sometimes used in soil stabilization projects.
Bromus hordeaceus is a weed of crop fields, grasslands, orchards and turf where it competes with native vegetation and monopolizes resources[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Eurasia - Norway to Spain, east to the Russian Far East, northern China, India; N. Africa - Macaronesia to Egypt

Habitat

Meadows, waste places, and on dunes, shingle banks and cliffs, mainly in southern Britain[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitBiennial
Height0.80 m
PollinatorsWind, Cleistogamous
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Bromus hordeaceus prefers a climate with relatively mild winters and very warm summers; however it adapts well to climatic variations. Dry Mediterranean climates are the most favourable[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
Succeeds in a sunny position in most well-drained soils[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant produces open, wind pollinated flowers and also cleistogamous flowers - these do not open and are self-fertilized[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed can be dried, ground into a powder then mixed with water and eaten as a gruel[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed is small and fiddly to utilize[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Often grown for forage, the plant is also used for natural or human-made disturbed area erosion control and sediment creation. Examples include bare unvegetated slopes, such as brush burn areas, newly constructed roads, driveways, housing and industrial developments, gullies, drainages, ditch and channel banks, dikes, levees, dams, reservoirs, and other types of construction on sloping land[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ and only just cover. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
If seed is in short supply it can be surface sown in a cold frame in early spring. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.
Division in spring. Large clumps can be planted out direct into their permanent positions whilst it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are ready to be planted out.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-06-13. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bromus+hordeaceus>

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