Brassica amblyorhyncha Coustur. & Gand.
Brassica barrelieri tournefortii (Gouan) Malag.
Brassica mesopotamica (Spreng.) Bernh.
Brassica sisymbrioides (Fisch. ex DC.) Grossh.
Brassica stocksii Hook.f. & Thomson
Brassicella cheiranthus Adamson
Coincya tournefortii (Gouan) Alcaraz & al.
Eruca erecta Lag.
Erucastrum minutiflorum Pau & Font Quer
Erucastrum tournefortii (Gouan) Link
Sinapis caspica Willd. ex Ledeb.
Sisymbrium setosum Ledeb. ex Spreng.
Common Name: Wild Turnip-Rape
Brassica tournefortii is an erect, annual plant, often branching, growing 10 - 60cm tall from a long root[
]. The plant shows variability in size depending on the availability of soil moisture. Drought-stressed plants can reproduce with leaves as small as 8cm long and on sandy soils with sufficient moisture leaves have known to grow to more than 50cm long, giving the plant a 1metre spread[
The plant is harvested from the wild, and occasionally also cultivated on a small scale, for local use as a seed oil plant and a food[
Brassica tournefortii is an annual plant whose seed has been spread by human activity and has become a weed in some areas. It is especially common in areas with wind-blown sediments and disturbed sites such as roadsides and abandoned fields. In N. America it appears to suppress native wildflowers by monopolising available soil moisture as it builds canopy, and it matures seed long before many native species have begun to flower. It also increases fuel loads and therefore fire hazard in desert scrub and coastal sage scrub[
Coastal regions of the Mediterranean region from Spain and Morocco, east through the Caucasus to northwest India.
Dunes, roadsides and fields in the maritime belt[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Succeeds in full sun in a well-drained fertile preferably alkaline soil[
]. Grows well in the heavier soils.
Leaves and young shoots - cooked[
An edible oil is obtained from the seed[
Easting the plant has a gentle laxative effect due to its high content of fibre[
The plant contains 3-methylsulfinylpropyl glucosinolate, which has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer of the lung, stomach, colon and rectum, with a possible reduction in endometrial and ovarian cancer and a decrease in total cancer incidence[
Seed - sow spring in situ.