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Useful Temperate Plants

Brassica macrocarpa

Guss.

Brassicaceae


The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.

+ Synonyms

Eruca macrocapa (Guss.) Caruel

Common Name:

Brassica macrocarpa
Growing plant
Photograph by: Girolamo Giardina
Creative Commons License

General Information

Brassica macrocarpa is a perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody. It grows up to 60cm tall
The plant is very rare in the wild and should not be harvested. The leaves have been shown to be an effective treatment of root namatodes, whilst the plant itself is of interest in plant breeding programmes.
The population of this species is severely fragmented. It occurs in only two locations, both of which are threatened by reforestation and building works. There is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to grazing pressure, reforestation, construction of holiday resorts and associated improvements to the road infrastructure, as well as recreational activities and fires. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southern Europe - Sicily.

Habitat

Limestone cliffs and rocky slopes close to the sea; at elevations up to 300 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.60 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

Brassica macrocarpa is a wild relative of and potential gene donor to a number of crops in the brassica group; including broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, swede, turnip and oilseed rape. This species is of great interest for breeding purposes, as it confers an increase in antioxidant compounds in brassica crops[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The dry leaves can be used as an effective biological control of root-knot nematodes in a number of vegetable crops[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-06-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Brassica+macrocarpa>

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