Boehmeria virgata macrophylla
This is an exceedingly complex, variable and difficult species to circumscribe. We are following the treatment in The old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision[
] which subdivides the species into two subspecies (subsp virgata and subsp macrophylla), each of which have a number of vars[
This record deals with the subspecies macrophylla, which is found from Africa, through southern Asia to western Indonesia[
Boehmeria canescens Wedd.
Boehmeria caudata (Burm.f.) J.J.Sm. ex Koord. & Valeton
Boehmeria caudata Poir.
Boehmeria caudigera Wedd.
Boehmeria cylindrica Humb. ex Blume [Illegitimate]
Boehmeria elliptica Wedd.
Boehmeria elongata Steud.
Boehmeria erythropoda Miq.
Boehmeria humilis Miq.
Boehmeria interrupta Guill.
Boehmeria macrostachya (Wight) Wedd.
Boehmeria massuriensis Blume
Boehmeria mauritiana Wedd.
Boehmeria microcarpa Wedd.
Boehmeria ourantha Miq.
Boehmeria platyphylla D.Don
Boehmeria rugosissima Miq.
Boehmeria sumatrana Miq.
Boehmeria taitensis Wedd.
Boehmeria ternifolia D.Don
Boehmeria urantha Blume
Boehmeria wightiana Blume
Ramium elongatum Kuntze
Ramium macrophyllum Kuntze
Urtica blanda Wall. ex Wedd.
Urtica caudata Burm. f.
Urtica caudigera Wall.
Urtica celebica Blume
Urtica cinerascens Wall.
Urtica crassifolia Reinw. ex Blume
Urtica elongata J.F.Gmel.
Urtica grandifolia Thunb. ex Wedd.
Urtica macrophylla Thunb.
Urtica macrostachya Wall. ex D. Don
Urtica penduliflora Wall.
Urtica rotundifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Urtica rugosa Reinw. ex Blume
Urtica rugosissima Reinw. ex Blume
Urtica spicata Sessé & Moc.
Urtica ternifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Urtica tomentosa Juss. ex Wedd.
Urtica uragera Steud.
Boehmeria virgata macrophylla is an erect, perennial plant producing a cluster of stems that can become woody and persistent, at least at their base. It usually grows 1 - 2 metres tall, exceptionally to 3.5 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild, mainly for its useful fibre which is used locally.
Widespread, in a wide range of habitats and presumed often abundant. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Although members of the nettle family, plants in this genus do not have stinging hairs[
Tropical Africa, - Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Mozambique; E. Asia - Indian subcontinent, China, through southeast Asia to Indonesia.
River beds in the sub-Himalayan tract at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
]. Edges of forests, valleys and roadsides; at elevations rom 100 - 3,000 metres in western China[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Boehmeria virgata macrophylla has a very wide range from the tropics of Africa, through southern Asia (where it can be found at elevations up to 3,000 metres in the Himalayas and experiences both snow and frost) and through to southeast Asia.
Species in this genus generally succeed in a warm sandy soil[
] that is very well-drained[
]. This species is found in a wide range of habitats, including wet and soils, open positions and deep shade[
A variable species, several sub-species are recognised[
Plants in this species are usually dioecious, though monoecious forms also occur.[
A fibre is obtained from the bark[
]. Of excellent quality, it is used for making sacks, bags, rough clothes, nets, rope etc[
]. The fibre is shiny, white and strong and is used for making nets, sacks and rough clothes[
]. It is possibly useful for textiles[
The wood is moderately hard but is too small for much use, though it makes a good fuel[
Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted straight into their permanent positions whilst smaller clumps are best potted up and kept in a cold frame until they are growing away well.
Basal cuttings in late spring. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Grow them on for their first winter in the cold frame and then plant them out in the summer.