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Useful Temperate Plants

Billardiera heterophylla

(Lindl.) L.W.Cayzer & Crisp

Pittosporaceae


This species has often been confused with Billardiera fusiformis in the past and has often been treated as a synonym[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

+ Synonyms

Sollya heterophylla Lindl.

Common Name:

Billardiera heterophylla
Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla Billardiera heterophylla

General Information

Billardiera heterophylla is a much-branched, evergreen, shrub usually forming a rounded shape around 1 - 3 metres tall and wide. Some branches eventually become scandent, twining into the surrounding vegetation[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].
The plant is probably harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is often grown as an ornamental and has potential for use in soil reclamation and reforestation projects[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].
The fruit of this species is much eaten by birds and the seed is spread easily by them. It has become a very adventitious colonizer of disturbed sites, whilst horticultural use in the last century in Australia has also spread it far from its original distribution in Western Australia. It is now found in the foothills around every major eastern Australian city[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.

Range

Australia - southern Western Australia

Habitat

Eucalypt woodland and open forest but also in coastal heath and around inland salt lakes[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Billardiera heterophylla is native to southern Western Australia, though it has become widely naturalized in the warm temperate to subtropical climate of southeastern Australia where it can experience winter frost and snow[
397
Title
Australian Native Plants Society
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://anpsa.org.au/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets on Australian plants. Good photographs, brief description and information on uses, habitat, range, cultivation etc.
]. It is likely to succeed outdoors in areas where winters are short and mild, with temperatures seldom falling much below -5°c. In colder areas, mulching the roots in winter can provide extra protection for the plant and then, even if the top is cut back by the cold, the planit might resprout from the base[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Species in this genus generally prefer a moist, well-drained, humus-rich, lime-free soil in sun or semi-shade with a cool root run[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Established plants are somewhat drought tolerant[
397
Title
Australian Native Plants Society
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://anpsa.org.au/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets on Australian plants. Good photographs, brief description and information on uses, habitat, range, cultivation etc.
].

Edible Uses

We have no record for edibility of this fruit, but this species has often been treated as part of Billardiera fusiformis, which does have an edible fruit[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
]. The fruit of this species has a fleshy pulp[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
] and is also very likely to be edible[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The green-purple, oblong-cylindrical fruit is 20 - 30mm long[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

This species is a very adventitious colonizer of disturbed sites[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
], making it of potential use in reforestation projects within its native range[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The salt tolerance and potential use of this species in reclamation schemes in saline areas needs investigation[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
]

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a warm greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Only just cover the seed. Sow stored seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse. The germination of fresh seed is usually prolific, but stored seed can take a year to germinate[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10 - 12cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame. Fair percentage.
Layering.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Billardiera+heterophylla>

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