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Useful Temperate Plants

Billardiera fusiformis

Labill.

Pittosporaceae

+ Synonyms

Billardiera elongata Schnizl.

Billardiera hambruchiana Seem. & J.C.Schmidt

Billardiera salicifolia (Marnock) F.Cels

Sollya fusiformis (Labill.) Payer

Sollya salicifolia Marnock

Common Name:

Billardiera fusiformis
Flowering plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Fagg M.; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Billardiera fusiformis Billardiera fusiformis Billardiera fusiformis Billardiera fusiformis

General Information

Billardiera fusiformis is a much-branched, evergreen, climbing shrub usually growing around 2 - 5 metres tall. The sturdy stems scramble over the ground, twining into the surrounding vegetation for support[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is often grown as an ornamental in Australia[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].
The plant has often escaped from cultivation, primarily through birds eating the fruit and then spreading the seed. It has become commonly naturalized in southeast Australia[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.

Range

Australia - southern Western Australia

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Billardiera fusiformis is native to southern Western Australia, though it has become widely naturalized in the warm temperate to subtropical climate of southeastern Australia where it can experience winter frost and snow. It is likely to succeed outdoors in areas where winters are short and mild, with temperatures seldom falling much below -5°c. In colder areas, mulching the roots in winter can provide extra protection for the plant and then, even if the top is cut back by the cold, the planit might resprout from the base[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Species in this genus generally prefer a moist, well-drained, humus-rich, lime-free soil in sun or semi-shade with a cool root run[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
]. The fruit is less than 20mm long[
1104
Title
Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae)
Publication
Australian Systematic Botany 17, 83-125
Author
L.W.Cayzer; M.D.Crisp & I.R.H.Telford
Website
http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/asb
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Year
2004
ISBN
1030-1887
Description
A revision of the genus Billardiera, merging the genera Sollya and Pronaya into it, resurrecting five species and making three new combinations.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a warm greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Only just cover the seed. Sow stored seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse. The germination of fresh seed is usually prolific, but stored seed can take a year to germinate[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10 - 12cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame. Fair percentage.
Layering.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Billardiera+fusiformis>

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