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Useful Temperate Plants

Bidens aurea

(Aiton) Sherff

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Bidens arguta Kunth

Bidens decolorata Kunth

Bidens heterophylla Ortega

Bidens longifolia DC.

Bidens luxurians Willd.

Bidens tetragona (Cerv.) DC.

Bidens warszewicziana Regel

Coreopsis aurea Dryand. ex Aiton

Coreopsis coronata Walter

Coreopsis ferulifolia Jacq.

Coreopsis lucida Cav.

Coreopsis luxurians (Willd.) P. Pell.

Coreopsis nitida Cav.

Coreopsis tetragona Cerv.

Coreopsis trichosperma aurea (Dryand. ex Aiton) Nutt.

Diodonta aurea (Dryand. ex Aiton) Nutt.

Diodonta leptophylla Nutt.

Common Name:

Bidens aurea
Flowering plant - an invasive species in El Tamaral, Sierra Madrona, Spain
Photograph by: Javier martin
Public domain
Bidens aurea Bidens aurea Bidens aurea Bidens aurea Bidens aurea Bidens aurea Bidens aurea

General Information

Bidens aurea is a very variable, herbaceous, perennial plant producing one or more erect stems from elongate rhizomes. It usually grows from 50 - 100cm tall but exceptionally can reach 250cm[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The plant has been shown to be an effective treatment for stomach ulcers. It is also perhaps used as a tea substitute. The plant has showy flowers and is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
352
Title
KemperCentreForHomeGardeningPlantFinder
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic cultivation details, plant uses, habitat etc for several thousand species of plants, mainly from the temperate zone.
].
Seeds easily adhere to clothing or animal fur thus facilitating easy dispersal[
352
Title
KemperCentreForHomeGardeningPlantFinder
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic cultivation details, plant uses, habitat etc for several thousand species of plants, mainly from the temperate zone.
]. The plant has become naturalized in
some Mediterranean countries and so has potential to become a weed[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

Southwestern N. America - Arizona, south through Mexico to Guatemala

Habitat

Normally a plant of wet habitats on intermountain plateaux; primarily at elevations from 1,800 - 2,700 metres, now particularly common in wet roadside ditches in cultivated fields, marshy areas along streams,
rarely a weed in dry open habitats[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Bidens aurea is not hardy in the colder areas of the temperate zone, it tolerates occasional temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Succeeds in any moderately fertile moisture-retentive soil in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a good well-drained soil[
260
Title
Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books, London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-330-37376-5
Description
Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.
]. Although various reports say that the plant does well in well-drained soil, in its native habitat the plant is often found in quite wet areas such as marshes[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are possibly used as a tea substitute[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
].

Medicinal

The plant is antiinflammatory, antiulcer[
1103
Title
Bidens: A Popular Remedy Escapes Notice of Western Practitioners
Publication
 
Author
Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D
Publisher
Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A leaflet produced by the Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. It looks at the scientific research into the medicinal properties of the genus Bidens, giving full references to the various papers
].
The flavonoids found in this plant have been shown to exert a protective influence on the stomach lining. In trials, an oral treatment with the ether fraction of the flavonoid extract om an ulcerated stomac led to increased mucus content accompanied by a proportional increase in proteins and hexosamines. There was also a marked increase of neutral and sulfated glycoproteins, which are protective substances in the mucus[
1103
Title
Bidens: A Popular Remedy Escapes Notice of Western Practitioners
Publication
 
Author
Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D
Publisher
Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A leaflet produced by the Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. It looks at the scientific research into the medicinal properties of the genus Bidens, giving full references to the various papers
].
A diethyl ether extract of bidens (125 and 62.5 mg/kg body weight), administered in a single dose,has been shown to significantly decrease the macroscopic and microscopic ulcer index. Usually after 14-days of treatment the lesions were found completely covered with regenerative epithelium and a proliferation of blood vessels was observed. Application of acetic acid produced a significant increase in leukocyte infiltration (part of the inflammatory response) 7 days after induction of chronic injury; the macroscopic examination showed a drastic reduction of leukocyte infiltration in groups treated with bidens extract. These results suggest that the recovery of vascularization of the ulcerated area and the decrease of neutrophil infiltration are involved in the antiulcer effect of the flavonoids[
1103
Title
Bidens: A Popular Remedy Escapes Notice of Western Practitioners
Publication
 
Author
Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D
Publisher
Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A leaflet produced by the Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. It looks at the scientific research into the medicinal properties of the genus Bidens, giving full references to the various papers
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in the spring. Surface-sow or only just cover the seed and do not allow the compost to dry out. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division in spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-27. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bidens+aurea>

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