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Useful Temperate Plants

Artemisia arborescens

(Vaill.) L.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Absinthium arborescens Moench

Absinthium arborescens Vaill.

Artemisia argentea Willk. & Lange

Artemisia elegans Salisb.

Common Name: Great Mugwort

Artemisia arborescens
Flowers and leaves
Photograph by: Fagg M.; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Artemisia arborescens Artemisia arborescens Artemisia arborescens Artemisia arborescens Artemisia arborescens

General Information

Artemisia arborescens is an evergreen, aromatic, perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody, at least at the base, and can persist; the plant grows up to 100cm tall[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens, there are some named varieties[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Known Hazards

Although we have seen no specific reports for this species, many members of this genus contain potentially allergenic sesquiterpene lactones that can cause skin reactions[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Mediterranean - Portugal and Spain to Greece; Algeria to Libya; Turkey and the Levant

Habitat

Maquis and forest[
288
Title
Flora of Israel
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.botanic.co.il/A/holiday/IMGMAP/PlantsNames.HTML
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A good online flora with habitats and photos.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Artemisia arborescens is only hardy in the milder regions of the temperate zone, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Succeeds in any well-drained, moderately fertile circumneutral or slightly alkaline soil, preferring a position in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Plants in this genus tend to be longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[
245
Title
Scented Flora of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Genders. R.
Publisher
Robert Hale. London.
Year
1994
ISBN
0-7090-5440-8
Description
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.
].
A very polymorphic species.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The Greeks and the Arabs applied this plant vaginally for contraceptive purposes[
289
Title
The National Non-Food Crops Centre Crop Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/crops/pd.cfm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line information source, with information on over 100 species (as of 2006) of plants being investigated as bio-crops.
]. The aerial parts of the plant contain artemisan, a natural contraceptive[
289
Title
The National Non-Food Crops Centre Crop Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/crops/pd.cfm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line information source, with information on over 100 species (as of 2006) of plants being investigated as bio-crops.
].
The plant has antiviral properties that have been demonstrated as effective in vitro against Herpes simplex virus 1[
291
Title
AAPS PharmSciTech 2006; 7 (1) Article 2
Publication
 
Author
F. Lai, S. A. Wissing,R. H. Müller & A. M. Fadda.
Website
http://www.aapspharmscitech.org
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A technical report on using the essential oil with solid lipid nanoparticles as an insecticide.
].
A new sequiterpene lactone 3α,4α-10β-trihydroxy-8α-acetyloxyguaian-12,6α-olide, has been isolated from aerial parts of this plant[
289
Title
The National Non-Food Crops Centre Crop Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/crops/pd.cfm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line information source, with information on over 100 species (as of 2006) of plants being investigated as bio-crops.
].

Other Uses

An essential oil obtained from the plant has demonstrated insecticidal activity against a range of insects[
291
Title
AAPS PharmSciTech 2006; 7 (1) Article 2
Publication
 
Author
F. Lai, S. A. Wissing,R. H. Müller & A. M. Fadda.
Website
http://www.aapspharmscitech.org
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A technical report on using the essential oil with solid lipid nanoparticles as an insecticide.
]. The main constituents of the oil are Α-pinene, β-thujone, camphor, beta-carophyllene and chamazulene[
291
Title
AAPS PharmSciTech 2006; 7 (1) Article 2
Publication
 
Author
F. Lai, S. A. Wissing,R. H. Müller & A. M. Fadda.
Website
http://www.aapspharmscitech.org
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A technical report on using the essential oil with solid lipid nanoparticles as an insecticide.
]. Yields of 0.8% have been achieved from the leaves[
291
Title
AAPS PharmSciTech 2006; 7 (1) Article 2
Publication
 
Author
F. Lai, S. A. Wissing,R. H. Müller & A. M. Fadda.
Website
http://www.aapspharmscitech.org
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A technical report on using the essential oil with solid lipid nanoparticles as an insecticide.
].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates within 2 - 26 weeks at 15°c[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. They can be planted out in the summer, or kept in pots in a cold frame for the winter and then planted out in the spring.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame.
Division in spring or autumn.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-04-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Artemisia+arborescens>

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