Ardisia formosana Rolfe
Bladhia sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai
Tinus sieboldii (Miq.) Kuntze
Common Name: Duo Zhi Zi Jin Niu
Ardisia sieboldii is usually an evergreen shrub growing up to 6 metres tall, occasionally becoming a small tree up to 10 metres[
E. Asia - southeast China, Taiwan, southern Japan
Mixed forests, thickets, mountains and hillsides at elevations of 100 - 600 metres[
Prefers a well-drained humus rich soil in partial shade in a position sheltered from cold drying winds.
Fruit - cooked. A famine food used when all else fails[
]. The somewhat fleshy, globose fruits are red to blackish when fully ripe, around 7mm in diameter[
Seed - best harvested when it is ripe in the winter and sown immediately in a greenhouse[
]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a shady part of the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, once the plants are 20cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood in summer[
]. Grow on in cool, shaded humid conditions until well rooted[