There has been some confusion between this species and Ardisia crispa, the name Ardisia crispa was misapplied by de Candolle to Ardisia crenata[
This species is closely related to Ardisia pseudocrispa, from which it differs in having crenate leaves with a distinct marginal vein[
Ardisia crenulata Lodd.
Ardisia crispa taquetii H.Lév.
Ardisia densa Miq.
Ardisia elegans Andrews
Ardisia glandulosa Blume
Ardisia konishii Hayata
Ardisia kusukusensis Hayata
Ardisia labordei H.Lév.
Ardisia lentiginosa Ker Gawl.
Ardisia linangensis C.M.Hu
Ardisia miaoliensis S.Y. Lu
Ardisia mouretii Pit.
Bladhia crenata (Sims) H.Hara
Bladhia kusukusensis (Hayata) Nakai
Bladhia lentiginosa (Ker Gawl.) Nakai
Bladhia lindleyana (D.Dietr.) Nakai
Bladhia punctata (Lindl.) Nakai
Tinus densa (Miq.) Kuntze
Common Name: Coralberry
Ardisia crenata is an erect, evergreen shrub usually growing 1 - 2 metres tall, occasionally to 3 metres[
]. The plant forms a multi-stemmed shrub, with branches only occurring on the flowering stem[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its dark foliage and red berries, it can also be grown as a hedge[
The plant is commonly grown as an ornamental and sometimes escapes from cultivation. It has naturalized in disturbed mesic valleys and forest in Hawaii, for example, where the plant is considered to be invasive[
]. The plant has become highly invasive in mesic forests in several regions of the world (e.g. Mascarene Islands, Hawaii, Seychelles) where it causes a reduction in the presence and diversity of native understorey plant species. Its fruit is easily spread by indigenous or introduced birds[
E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines.
Woods in low mountains, C. and S. Japan[
]. Forests, hillsides, valleys, shrubby areas, dark damp places at elevations of 100 - 2,400 metres[
]. Secondary forests and open vegetations, often in villages and on seashores[
|Other Uses Rating||
Coralberry is a plant of the warm temperate to tropical zones.
Prefers a well-drained humus rich soil in partial shade in a position sheltered from cold drying winds[
Fruit - raw[
]. A sweet flavour[
]. The fruit is a red, globose drupe 5 - 8mm in diameter[
Leaves - used as a vegetable in salads[
The crushed plants, or their extracted juice, are used in the treatment of skin diseases and earache[
The root is anodyne, depurative, febrifuge[
]. The juice from the root is used as a treatment against fever, cough and diarrhoea[
]. It is used to stimulate blood circulation[
Plants respond well to trimming and can be grown as a hedge[
Seed - best harvested when it is ripe in the winter and sown immediately in a greenhouse[
]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a shady part of the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, once the plants are 20cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood in summer[
]. Grow on in cool, shaded humid conditions until well rooted[