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Useful Temperate Plants

Anacyclus pyrethrum

(L.) Link

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Anacyclus depressus Ball

Anacyclus freynii Porta & Rigo ex Willk.

Anacyclus officinarum Hayne

Anacyclus pseudopyrethrum Asch.

Anacyclus pulcher Besser ex DC.

Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Cass.

Anthemis pyrethrum L.

Common Name: Mount Atlas Daisy

Anacyclus pyrethrum
Drawing of the plant
Photograph by: Humphries; A revision of the genus Anacyclus L. (Compositae :\^ >'®'^ Anthemideae), Bulletinn of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany series Vol 7, 1979
© British Museum (Natural History)
Anacyclus pyrethrum Anacyclus pyrethrum Anacyclus pyrethrum

General Information

Anacyclus pyrethrum is a stemless, herbaceous perennial forming a rosette of leaves from a woody taproot. Several prostrate to creeping flowering stems up to 30cm long are produced from the central caudex of the plant[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].
The plant has a long history of medicinal use and has often been cultivated in European Botanic Gardens, particularly for its medicinal properties; it is also sometimes cultivated in India[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
]. It is little used in modern herbalism, though has potential value as an insecticide.

Known Hazards

Although the plant has a long history of herbal use, it contains alkaloids that, when isolated, are powerful insecticides and can be harmful to mammals[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].
Skin contact with the plant can cause dermatitis in some individuals[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus

Range

Mediterranean - Spain, Morocco and Algeria

Habitat

Well drained stony ground or grassland; at elevations from 800 - 3,000 metres, being particularly abundant around 1,500 metres[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.20 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Anacyclus pyrethrum is hardy to at least -5°c, probably more if the ground is very well-drained[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Requires a well-drained soil in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Plants are intolerant of excessive wet, especially in the winter, and will do better if covered by a pane of glass in the winter[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is a short-lived perennial in the wild, usually living for 2 - 5 years, though it lives longer in cultivation[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Anacyclus pyrethrum used to be commonly used in European herbal medicine, being held in high regard for treating conditions such as dryness of the mouth and toothache. It was often cultivated, though is little used at present. It is still often used in N. Africa.
The root is a pungent acrid herb that stimulates the salivary glands and irritates the tissues, thereby increasing blood flow to the area[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. It is used as a masticatory or in lozenges to treat dryness of the mouth and throat[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
]. It has also been used for the relief of neuralgia, rheumatism of the head and tongue palsy[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
]. A teaspoon of the powdered root is taken daily in the treatment of liver diseases[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
]. The powder of the root, mixed with milk or honey, is considered to be aphrodisiac, and to render fertility to women[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
]. A gargle is used to soothe sore throats and relieve partial paralysis of the tongue and lips[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
,
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].
It is applied externally to treat toothache, facial neuralgia and chronic catarrh[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. A tincture is appled to the gums to relieve toothache[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
]. Mixed with oil, the powdered root is used as a treatment against ringworm and lice[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
].
A snuff used to be made from the root. It was considered to be effective for curing chronic catarrh of the head and nostrils and to clear the brain, working by exciting a free flow of nasal mucous and tears[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].
In Ayurvedic medicine the root is considered to be tonic and is used in the treatment of paralysis and epilepsy[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].
The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].

The diluted essential oil in the root is used in mouthwashes and to treat toothaches[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. This oil should not be used internally, except under professional supervision[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].

The activity of the root appears to be due to two active crystalline resiniferous alkaloids, pellitorine and pyrethrine. Pellitorine, with a melting point of 22 °c, has been identified as N-isobutylamide, a reasonably powerful, poisonous insecticide[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].

Other Uses

The root is sometimes used as an insecticide[
1059
Title
A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
IUCN; Malaga, Spain
Year
2005
ISBN
2-8317-0893-1
Description
A guide to over 100 species of medicinal herbs in N. Africa.
]. It contains alkaloids with strong insecticidal properties[
1070
Title
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
British Museum; London
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this volume contains a very detailed revision of the genus Anacyclus
].

Propagation

Seed - requires about 3 weeks cold stratification. Germination is best at a temperature around 13 - 16°c[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cuttings of softwood in the spring[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-22. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Anacyclus+pyrethrum>

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