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Useful Temperate Plants

Amentotaxus argotaenia

(Hance) Pilg.

Taxaceae

+ Synonyms

Cephalotaxus argotaenia (Hance) Pilg.

Nageia argotaenia (Hance) Kuntze

Podocarpus argotaenia Hance

Common Name: Catkin Yew

No Image.

General Information

Amentotaxus argotaenia is an evergreen shrub or a small tree with spreading branches; it can grow from 2 - 7 metres tall in China, though specimens in Vietnam are said to reach 30 - 40 metres with a bole 100 - 120cm in diameter[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
1192
Title
Vietnam Conifers. Conservation Status Review 2004
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Tien Hiep, Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Duc To Luu, P.I. Thoma
Publisher
Fauna & Flora International, Vietnam Programme; Hanoi
Year
2004
ISBN
1-903703-16-6
Description
Information on more than 30 species of Conifer growing in Vietnam, giving a description, range, conservation status, uses etc. It can be downloaded as a PDf from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is possibly also traded from Vietnam to China. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens and is also being investigated as a potential source of anti-cancer drugs.
Despite the wide distribution of the type variety of Amentotaxus argotaenia, the species is in danger of extinction due to a similarly widespread reduction and deterioration of its habitat. In such cases, there is no direct evidence of decline but this is inferred from circumstantial evidence. When forests on more accessible mountain slopes have been and are being degraded or even removed to make way for agriculture, this tree will have gone with its habitat from those localities. An assessment of deforestation will amount to an inferred assessment of the status of a forest species. The status of this widely occurring forest species is also affected by slow growth rates, infrequent regeneration, poor seed dispersal and predation by rats. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

E. Asia - central and southern China, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam

Habitat

A plant of the mid canopy, growing in montane forests, in ravines, on steep slopes or cliffs, on summits and ridges, on a variety of soil types, including limestone, sandstone, shale and granite; at elevations from 600 - 1,500 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
1192
Title
Vietnam Conifers. Conservation Status Review 2004
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Tien Hiep, Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Duc To Luu, P.I. Thoma
Publisher
Fauna & Flora International, Vietnam Programme; Hanoi
Year
2004
ISBN
1-903703-16-6
Description
Information on more than 30 species of Conifer growing in Vietnam, giving a description, range, conservation status, uses etc. It can be downloaded as a PDf from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height5.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Amentotaxus species are generally natives of warm temperate, subtropical and tropical forested areas in east Asia. Most are tolerant of some frost, but only if there has first been a hot summer to fully ripen the wood. They therefore usually only succeed outdoors in warm temperate to tropical areas[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Amentotaxus argotaenia is able to withstand some frost, tolerating occasional, short-lived temperatures falling to between -6.6°c and -1.1°c[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
]. In Vietnam (the more tropical part of its range) the tree grows in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 17 - 21°c and annual rainfall exceeds 1,700mm[
1192
Title
Vietnam Conifers. Conservation Status Review 2004
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Tien Hiep, Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Duc To Luu, P.I. Thoma
Publisher
Fauna & Flora International, Vietnam Programme; Hanoi
Year
2004
ISBN
1-903703-16-6
Description
Information on more than 30 species of Conifer growing in Vietnam, giving a description, range, conservation status, uses etc. It can be downloaded as a PDf from the Internet.
].
Succeeds in fairly dense shade when young but becoming more tolerant of full sun as it grows larger[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils, preferring one that is well-drained, moist and sandy[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species is in cultivation in China and was introduced to Europe from Hong Kong; it makes an attractive foliage shrub but only grows outside in warmer regions. This (and other) species is rare in gardens due to poor availability in the horticultural trade. In China it is used as a bonzai plant[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
1192
Title
Vietnam Conifers. Conservation Status Review 2004
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Tien Hiep, Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Duc To Luu, P.I. Thoma
Publisher
Fauna & Flora International, Vietnam Programme; Hanoi
Year
2004
ISBN
1-903703-16-6
Description
Information on more than 30 species of Conifer growing in Vietnam, giving a description, range, conservation status, uses etc. It can be downloaded as a PDf from the Internet.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Recent investigations have been undertaken to analyse the plant's (leaves and stems) potential for anti-cancer drugs similar to those found in Taxus[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Other Uses

The seeds have a high oil content[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. No uses are given for this oil.

The wood is used for tool making, furniture and wood turning (handicrafts)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
1192
Title
Vietnam Conifers. Conservation Status Review 2004
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Tien Hiep, Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Duc To Luu, P.I. Thoma
Publisher
Fauna & Flora International, Vietnam Programme; Hanoi
Year
2004
ISBN
1-903703-16-6
Description
Information on more than 30 species of Conifer growing in Vietnam, giving a description, range, conservation status, uses etc. It can be downloaded as a PDf from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - can be very slow to germinate, often taking 2 or more years[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
,
80
Title
Hardy Woody Plants from Seed.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Grower Books
Year
1985
ISBN
0-901361-21-6
Description
Does not deal with many species but it is very comprehensive on those that it does cover. Not for casual reading.
]. It is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn when it should germinate 18 months later. Stored seed may take 2 years or more to germinate. 4 months warm followed by 4 months cold stratification may help reduce the germination time[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Harvesting the seed 'green' (when fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and then sowing it immediately has not been found to reduce the germination time because the inhibiting factors develop too early[
80
Title
Hardy Woody Plants from Seed.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Grower Books
Year
1985
ISBN
0-901361-21-6
Description
Does not deal with many species but it is very comprehensive on those that it does cover. Not for casual reading.
]. Seed voided by birds after they have eaten the fruit tends to germinate well, so scarifying the seed prior to sowing might be useful. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in pots in a cold frame. The seedlings are very slow-growing and will probably require at least 2 years of pot cultivation before being large enough to plant out. Any planting out is best done in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cuttings of half-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 8cm long, July/August in a shaded frame. Should root by late September but leave them in the frame over winter and plant out in late spring[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. High percentage[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Cuttings of ripe terminal shoots, taken in winter after a hard frost, in a shaded frame[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Amentotaxus+argotaenia>

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