Allium aegaeum Heldr. & Halácsy
Allium aestivum Tineo
Allium approximatum Gren. & Godr.
Allium arvense Guss.
Allium atroviolaceum Hornem. ex Steud.
Allium borbasii A.Kern.
Allium bosniacum Kumm. & Sendtn.
Allium cornutum Kit.
Allium crinitum Tausch
Allium densiflorum De Not.
Allium descendens L.
Allium deseglisei Boreau
Allium eminens Gren. ex Parl.
Allium gherardii De Not.
Allium lineare Ten.
Allium loscosii K.Richt.
Allium macrocephalum Kit.
Allium margaritaceum robustum Maire
Allium parviflorum Desv.
Allium parviflorum L.
Allium parvifolium Crantz
Allium purpureum Loscos
Allium pygmaeum E.Perrier
Allium regnieri Maire
Allium sardoum gherardii (De Not.) Nyman
Allium schmidtianum Tausch
Allium tenuiflorum Delastre
Allium trachypus Boiss. & Spruner
Allium veronense Spreng.
Allium viridialbum Tineo
Kromon parviflorum (L.) Raf.
Porrum crinitum (Tausch) Rchb.
Porrum descendens (L.) Rchb.
Porrum sphaerocephaluon (L.) Rchb.
Common Name: Round-Headed Leek
Allium sphaerocephalon is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing 3 - 5 leaves 15 - 50cm long and a flowering scape 30 - 80cm tall from an underground bulb. The plant divides, forming in time a cluster of plants[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. The plant is often grown in ornamental gardens.
Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in very large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[
Europe - Britain to Spain, east to Russia, Ukraine and Greece; Africa - Canaries, Morocco, Egypt; W. Asia - Turkey to Israel, the Caucasus and Kuwait.
Limestone rocks and fields in dry places[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
An easily grown plant[
]. it prefers a sunny position in a light well-drained soil[
]. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant[
The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[
Plants often divide freely at the roots[
A good bee plant[
The flowers are very attractive to bees[
]. The flowers are sometimes replaced with bulbils[
Edible bulb - raw or cooked[
]. An onion substitute[
]. The bulbs are up to 35mm in diameter[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. They can be dried for later use[
Flowers - raw. Used as a garnish on salads.
Although no specific mention of medicinal uses has been seen for this species, members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavour) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system and also tonify the circulatory system[
Allium species usually grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[
]. They are, in general, bad companions for alfalfa - each species negatively affecting the other[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the juice of most species in this genus (especially those with a strong onion or garlic smell) can be used as a moth repellent[
The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle - if you want to produce clumps more quickly then put three plants in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in spring once they are growing vigorously and are large enough.
Division in spring. The plants divide successfully at any time in the growing season, pot up the divisions in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing well and then plant them out into their permanent positions.