This is a variable species, and with further investigation will probably be found to comprise of 2 - 3 distinct species in New South Wales[
Ajuga diemenica Benth.
Ajuga tridentata Benth.
Ajuga virgata Benth.
Common Name: Australian Bugle
Ajuga australis is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing a basal rosette of leaves and erect flowering stems up to 30cm tall. The plant spreads at the roots and can form quite large colonies[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens, where it can be used as a ground cover.
E. Australia - Tasmania, S. Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, southern and central Queensland.
Most habitats, especially in open forests, in sandy soils in the montane zone[
]. Rocky areas of forest and woodland, and often common in waste areas[
]. Found in a range of habitats from coastal forests to the dry, mallee country[
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Ajuga australis has a wide range, spreading from the temperate zone of Tasmania north to the tropical regions of Queensland. It is likely to be found at mainly in the montane zone in the north of its range. The plant is tolerant of at least moderate frosts[
Prefers a humus-rich, moisture retentive soil and a sunny position[
]. Plants prefer semi-shade, but tolerate full sun[
]. The plant is found wild in a range of soils, from sandy to clay-rich, but is intolerant of poor drainage[
]. Established plants will tolerate extended dry periods[
Easily grown in the rock garden[
], it spreads rapidly by root suckers[
Plants can flower all year round, especially in warmer climates, but the main flowering is in spring[
The leaves are used as a salve for wounds[
] and also in the treatment of boils and sores[
Plants spread by root suckers and can be used to form a ground cover[
Seed - sow spring in situ or in containers in a greenhouse for planting out later.
Division in spring
Root cuttings are usually quick and reliable[