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Useful Temperate Plants

Aegilops triuncialis

L.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Aegilopodes triuncialis (L.) Á.Löve

Aegilops aristata Req. ex Bertol.

Aegilops echinata C.Presl

Aegilops elongata Lam.

Aegilops persica Boiss. ex Hohen.

Aegilops squarrosa L.

Aegilops triaristata Req. ex Bertol.

Triticum persicum (Boiss. ex Hohen.) Aitch. & Hemsl.

Triticum squarrosum (L.) Raspail

Triticum triunciale (L.) Raspail

Common Name:

Aegilops triuncialis
Specimens of the plant
Photograph by: Steve Matson; Calphotos
Creative Commons License
Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis

General Information

Aegilops triuncialis is an annual grass producing one or more erect culms 15 - 45cm long.
The seed is sometimes harvested from the wild as an emergency food. The plant has potential for use in breeding programmes.
The plant has become a weed in many areas ourside of its native range and is listed as a noxious weed in arid and subarid areas of southwestern N. America. It has a high silica content, producing a persistent thatch on the soil that suppresses other seeds. It is late maturing and drought tolerant, enabling it to form monocultures in marginal environments[
1057
Title
Jointed Goatgrass and Barb Goatgrass
Publication
Weed Control in Natural Areas in Western United States
Author
DiTomaso J.M.; Kyser G.B. Et al
Publisher
University of California
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
An article on Aegilops triuncialis and its impact as a weed
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Mediterranean regions of Europe and N. Africa, through west and central Asia to Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Habitat

Dry acid grassland and stony habitats[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Argillaceous semi-deserts, dry hills and as a weed of cultivation[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a well drained soil in a sunny position and should be tolerant of clay since it favours clay soils in the wild. Established plants are drought tolerant[
1057
Title
Jointed Goatgrass and Barb Goatgrass
Publication
Weed Control in Natural Areas in Western United States
Author
DiTomaso J.M.; Kyser G.B. Et al
Publisher
University of California
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
An article on Aegilops triuncialis and its impact as a weed
].
This species is believed to have hybridized with primitive forms of Triticum spp (Wheat) to produce some of the more modern Triticum spp. It could, therefore, be of value in wheat breeding programmes. It grows successfully at Kew, setting seed even in cool summers[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - small and fiddly[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. An emergency food, used as a cereal in making bread etc.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

This species is believed to have hybridized with primitive forms of Triticum spp (Wheat) to produce some of the more modern Triticum spp. It is able to hybridize with modern wheats and could, therefore, be of value in wheat breeding programmes.

Propagation

Seed - sow early to mid spring in situ and only just cover the seed. Make sure the soil does not dry out before the plants germinate. Seed can also be sown early early spring in a greenhouse and planted out in May.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-11-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Aegilops+triuncialis>

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