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Useful Temperate Plants

Zizania aquatica

L.

Poaceae


The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Wild Rice

No Image.

General Information

Zizania aquatica is a Annual up to 3.50 metres tall.
It has edible uses.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Eastern N. America - New Brunswick to Manitoba, south to Florida and Texas.

Habitat

Shallow waters of rivers and lakes, preferring a slow moving current[
20
Title
Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Publication
 
Author
Riotte. L.
Publisher
Garden Way, Vermont, USA.
Year
1978
ISBN
0-88266-064-0
Description
Fairly good.
,
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height3.50 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Easily grown in water up to 60cm deep, it tolerates water up to 1 metre deep though it prefers growing in water 10 - 20cm deep[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. It dislikes stagnant water[
20
Title
Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Publication
 
Author
Riotte. L.
Publisher
Garden Way, Vermont, USA.
Year
1978
ISBN
0-88266-064-0
Description
Fairly good.
].
A very ornamental plant[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
], it grows, flowers and fruits well in the lake and lily pond at Kew[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Plants can self-sow in Britain, but the seed tends to germinate too late to mature a fresh crop of seed in this country, so the plant gradually dies out[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. It would possibly maintain itself in areas such as the Isle of Wight, Cambridgeshire and Norfolk[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. It is a very hardy plant, the seed survives being frozen in ice[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Plants grown at a 30cm square spacing can produce 20 or more flowering shoots[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
].
Often collected from the wild, this plant is now being cultivated commercially for its edible seed[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
]. It is considered a gourmet's delicacy and is sold in many parts of the world, usually in health food shops and usually at a very high price[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
].
Plants require protection from wild fowl otherwise they will devour the young growth[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Plants are occasionally sown by lakes and rivers in Europe to attract wild fowl[
50
Title
Flora Europaea
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1964
ISBN
-
Description
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for Europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. It can be used as a cereal. A staple food of the native North American Indians[
95
Title
Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada.
Publication
 
Author
Saunders. C. F.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1976
ISBN
0-486-23310-3
Description
Useful wild plants of America. A pocket guide.
,
159
Title
Wild Food Plants of Indiana.
Publication
 
Author
McPherson. A. and S.
Publisher
Indiana University Press
Year
1977
ISBN
0-253-28925-4
Description
A nice pocket guide to this region of America.
], the long black delicious grain is eaten as an expensive gourmet meal[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
]. It is used in the same ways that rice is used and is sometimes added to rice dishes to impart its subtle flavour. The seed can also be ground into a meal and used in making bread, thickening soups etc[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
]. It is a very rich source of riboflavin and is also rich in niacin[
160
Title
Wonder Crops. 1987.
Publication
 
Author
Natural Food Institute,
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Fascinating reading, this is an annual publication. Some reports do seem somewhat exaggerated though.
].
The base of the culms is used as a vegetable[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - it must not be allowed to dry out or it will quickly lose its viability, usually within 4 weeks[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Store collected seed in jars of water in a cool place such as the salad compartment of a fridge. Sow the seed in spring. Immerse the pots so that they are covered by about 5cm of water. It is best to sow 2 seeds per 7cm pot in a greenhouse in order to get early germination and a better chance of a crop[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Pot on as required and plant out about 30cm square in May, by which time the plants should be 20 - 30cm tall[
136
Title
Kew Bulletin. 1909
Publication
 
Author
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Year
1909
ISBN
-
Description
An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.
]. Larger quantities can be sown in shallow boxes and plunged into the pond etc in May.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-10-17. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Zizania+aquatica>

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