Fagara mantchurica (Benn.) Honda
Fagara pteropoda (Hayata) Y.C.Liu
Fagara schinifolia (Siebold & Zucc.) Engl.
Zanthoxylum mantschuricum Benn.
Zanthoxylum pteropodum Hayata
Zanthoxylum schinifolium is a prickly, deciduous shrub; it usually grows 1 - 2 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for use as a food and a flavouring - the seed is sold in local markets in Japan[
]. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental.
E. Asia - eastern and southern China, southern and central Japan (including the Ryukyus), Korea.
]. Roadsides in Korea[
]. Upland open forests and thickets; at elevations below 800 metres[
Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[
Flowers are formed on the old wood[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required. Self-sown seedlings have occasionally been observed growing in bare soil in the shade of the parent plant[
Seed - cooked. It can be used either fresh or dried as a condiment, a pepper substitute[
]. No more details are given.
The pericarp is anaesthetic, diuretic, parasiticide and vasodilator[
]. It is used in the treatment of gastralgia and dyspepsia due to cold with vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases[
]. It has a local anaesthetic action and is parasiticide against the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium)[
The pericarp contains geraniol. In small doses this has a mild diuretic action, though large doses will inhibit the excretion of urine[
]. There is a persistent increase in peristalsis at low concentration, but inhibition at high concentration[
The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic[
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[
]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame.
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[
Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[