Arundinaria maling Gamble
Fargesia maling (Gamble) H.Simon ex D.C.McClint.
Sinarundinaria maling (Gamble) C.S.Chao & Renvoize
Yushania maling is an evergreen bamboo that can grow 3 - 9metres tall; the erect, woody culms are 20 - 30mm in diameter with thin-walled internodes 30 - 40cm long. The rhizomes are elongated, the plant having a running habit that can produce new canes some distance from the main clump, especially in warm climates.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens.
E. Asia - Himalayas - Nepal to Assam.
Temperate forests and open grazing areas; at elevations from 1,600 - 3,000 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Yushania maling is not hardy in the colder areas of the temperate zone, it tolerates temperatures down to about -5°c and is probably best grown under protection[
]. A plant is growing well at Trebah gardens in Cornwall, England where it was 5 metres tall with new canes 30mm in diameter in 1995[
Prefers an open loam of fair quality[
] and a position sheltered from cold drying winds[
]. Succeeds on peaty soils. Requires abundant moisture and plenty of organic matter in the soil[
]. Grows well in light woodland[
The rhizome is running and can be invasive[
]. It is fairly easy to control, however, because the new shoots are brittle and easily broken off of the plant.
New shoots are produced from late spring.
This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time.
The canes are used to in house construction and for matting. When growing vigorously, the canes can be used for weaving baskets or making fencing, more usually though the growth is smaller and is used for making brushes and straws[
Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until the seedlings are large enough to plant out, which could take a few years. Seed is rarely available.
Division in late spring[
]. Best done as the new shoots first appear above ground[
]. Take divisions with at least three canes in the clump, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main plant as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
Basal cane cuttings[