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Useful Temperate Plants

Yucca campestris

McKelvey

Asparagaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Plains Yucca

No Image.

General Information

Yucca campestris is an evergreen, succulent, rosette-forming perennial plant usually stemless, occasionally with a short, stem around 60 - 100cm long. The plant suckers to form small to large colonies of rosettes, individual leaves being around 40 - 65cm long and 3 - 15mm wide[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre. It is grown as an ornamental in semi-arid regions[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The population of Yucca campestris has been decreasing as a result of habitat loss due to agriculture since the 1950's. In addition, threats such as oil and gas development and more recently, fracking are causing rapid land and ecosystem degradation in areas were healthy subpopulations used to be found. Furthermore, this species has other threats including intensification of aridity as a result of climate change, effects of recreational activities using off road vehicles and invasive species. These threats also affect the obligate pollinator of the species which pupates underground as part of its life cycle. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2020)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.

Range

Southwestern N. America - western Texas, southeast New Mexico

Habitat

Deep sands and sand dunes, growing in desert scrub and grassland vegetation; at elevations from 800 - 900 metres[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsMoths
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The species produces flowers at approximately 10 years and may live up to a 100 years[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A fibre is obtained from the leaves[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-15. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Yucca+campestris>

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