The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Xanthium commune is an annual plant that can grow up to 1.50 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
]. Most members of this genus are toxic to grazing animals and are usually avoided by them[
]. The seed also contains toxins[
Eastern N. America - southwards from Quebec and Saskatchewan.
Low ground, stream banks, waste places, cultivated land etc[
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it is likely to succeed outdoors in many parts of the country. This species is treated by some botanists as a synonym of X. strumarium[
]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but requires a sunny position.
Plants often self sow.
]. It is dried, then ground into a powder and mixed with cereal flours when making bread, biscuits etc[
]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
Seed - sow spring in situ. The seed requires plenty of moisture in order to germinate.