If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Vicia faba minuta

(hort. ex Alef.) Mansf.

Fabaceae


The species Vicia faba has been shaped by human selection since around 7,000 BCE. The large-seeded forms commonly used for human food arose around 500 CE. The species is often subdivided by botanists to take into account the different forms that are cultivated, though different botanists often have different ideas about which system of naming is correct. We have three entries in the database, using the three names listed here to cover the basic types that are, at least sometimes, used for food by humans. These are as follows:-
Vicia faba L. This is the cultivated, large-seeded form, often known as broad beans.
Vicia faba var equina St.-Amans. This is the field or horse bean - the seed is occasionally used for human consumption, the plant is used as a green manure.
Vicia faba var minuta (hort. ex Alef.) Mansf. This is the tick bean - the seed is occasionally used for human consumption, the plant is used as a green manure.

+ Synonyms

Faba vulgaris minor Harz

Faba vulgaris minuta hort. ex Alef.

Vicia faba minor (Harz) Beck

Common Name: Tick Bean

No Image.

General Information

Vicia faba minuta is an annual lant growing up to 100cm tall.
Related to the broad bean (Vicia faba), this species also has an edible seed though it is smaller and is more commonly used for animal feed. The plant can also be grown as a green manure crop[
87
Title
Green Manures.
Publication
 
Author
Woodward. L. Burge. P.
Publisher
Elm Farm Research Centre.
Year
1982
ISBN
-
Description
Green manure crops for temperate areas. Quite a lot of information on a number of species.
]..

Known Hazards

Although often used as an edible seed, there is a report that eating the seed of this plant can cause the disease 'Favism' in susceptible people[
76
Title
Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man.
Publication
 
Author
Cooper. M. and Johnson. A.
Publisher
HMSO
Year
1984
ISBN
0112425291
Description
Concentrates mainly on the effects of poisonous plants to livestock.
]. Favism only occurs in cases of excessive consumption of the seed (no more details are given[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]) and when the person is genetically inclined towards the disease[
213
Title
Earth Medicine, Earth Food.
Publication
 
Author
Weiner. M. A.
Publisher
Ballantine Books
Year
1980
ISBN
0-449-90589-6
Description
A nice book to read though it is difficult to look up individual plants since the book is divided into separate sections dealing with the different medicinal uses plus a section on edible plants. Common names are used instead of botanical.
].

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
100
Title
Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1969
ISBN
0192176218
Description
An excellent and well illustrated pocket guide for those with very large pockets. Also gives some details on plant uses.

Range

Long cultivated for its seed, the original habitat is obscure

Habitat

Not known in a truly wild situation.

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.80 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a fairly heavy loam but succeeds in a sunny position in most soils that are well-drained[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes dry conditions[
57
Title
Plants for Man.
Publication
 
Author
Schery. R. W.
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly readable but not very comprehensive. Deals with plants from around the world.
].
Tick beans are not as winter-hardy as other forms of this species and so are best sown in the spring. The autumn sown varieties are more susceptible to 'chocolate spot' fungus (which can be remedied by the addition of potash to the soil) but are more likely to escape damage from aphis[
87
Title
Green Manures.
Publication
 
Author
Woodward. L. Burge. P.
Publisher
Elm Farm Research Centre.
Year
1982
ISBN
-
Description
Green manure crops for temperate areas. Quite a lot of information on a number of species.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or cooked[
27
Title
The Vegetable Garden.
Publication
 
Author
Vilmorin. A.
Publisher
Ten Speed Press
Year
 
ISBN
0-89815-041-8
Description
A reprint of a nineteenth century classic, giving details of vegetable varieties. Not really that informative though.
,
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
]. It can be eaten before it is fully ripe in the same way as broad beans, the fully ripe seed requires overnight soaking to soften it before it is cooked.

Leaves - cooked[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
]. Used like spinach.

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

A good green manure crop, it is best sown in the spring. Relatively fast growing, producing a good bulk and fixing nitrogen[
87
Title
Green Manures.
Publication
 
Author
Woodward. L. Burge. P.
Publisher
Elm Farm Research Centre.
Year
1982
ISBN
-
Description
Green manure crops for temperate areas. Quite a lot of information on a number of species.
]. The upright growth is not a very good weed suppresser though.

Other Uses

A fibre is obtained from the stems.

The burnt stems are rich in potassium and can be used in making soap.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in spring or autumn. The seed has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-07-21. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Vicia+faba+minuta>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.