Several species of Triteleia are exceedingly variable, and polyploidy is common: multiples of both x = 7 and x = 8 occur, suggesting that chromosomal changes have played a significant evolutionary role within the genus[
Brodiaea aurantea (Kellogg) Morton
Brodiaea ixioides (Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton) S.Watson
Brodiaea lutea (Lindl.) C.V.Morton
Brodiaea lutea anilina (Greene) Munz
Brodiaea lutea cookii (Hoover) Munz
Brodiaea lutea scabra (Greene) Munz
Brodiaea scabra (Greene) Baker
Calliprora albida Borzí, Boll
Calliprora analina (Greene) A.Heller
Calliprora aurantea Kellogg
Calliprora flava Steud.
Calliprora ixioides (Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton) Greene
Calliprora lutea Lindl.
Calliprora scabra Greene
Hookera ixioides Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton) Kuntze
Milla ixioides (Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton) Baker
Ornithogalum ixioides Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton
Themis ixioides (Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton) Salisb.
Triteleia anilina (Greene) Hoover
Triteleia ixioides anilina (Greene) Hoover
Triteleia scabra (Greene) Rattan
Common Name: Pretty Face
Triteleia ixioides is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from an underground corm. It produces 1 - 2 grass-like leaves 10 - 50cm long and a flowering scape 10 - 80cm tall[
]. The corm produces offsets freely, so that eventually a cluster of plants grow together.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. The native N. American people would often harvest the corms in quantity and used to semi-manage the areas where the plant grew in order to ensure a sustainable harvest. The plant is sometimes grown as an ornamental.
South-western N. America - southern Oregon and California.
Coniferous forests; deciduous forests; foothill woodlands; stream sides; wet ravines on serpentine; valley grasslands, at elevations from sea level to 3,000 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Semi-cultivated, Wild
Easily grown in a bulb frame or a warm sunny position outdoors[
]. Requires a rich well-drained sandy loam[
]. Likes plenty of moisture whilst in growth followed by a warm dry period in late summer and autumn[
The corm produces contractile roots which can pull the corm deeper into the soil[
Bulbs can flower in 2 years from seed[
When harvesting the corms from the wild, the native N. Americans followed a few simple rules to ensure that there would be good harvests in future years. Firstly, they would not harvest all the plants, making sure there were mature seed-producing plants the following year. When harvesting the corms, they would replant any smaller corms attached to the large one. Harvesting would usually take place after the plants had produced seed, also harvesting the seed and scattering it in suitable places. They would also periodically burn the area where the plants were growing whilst the plants were dormant, thus reducing competition from other species[
Bulb - raw or cooked[
]. Rich in starch, they can be used like potatoes.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Alternatively, the seed can be sown in spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 15°c. Sow the seed thinly so that there is no need to prick them out and grow the seedlings on in the pot for their first year. Give an occasional liquid feed to ensure that they do not become mineral deficient. Seedlings are prone to damping off so be careful not to overwater them and keep them well ventilated. When they become dormant, pot up the small bulbs placing about 3 in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for another year or two until the bulbs are about 20mm in diameter and then plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant in the autumn.
Division of flowering size bulbs in autumn. Dig up the clumps of bulbs, replanting the larger ones direct into their permanent positions. It is best to pot up the smaller ones and grow them on in a greenhouse for a year before planting them out when they are dormant in early autumn.