Trifolium corniculatum L.
Common Name: Sickle-Fruit Fenugreek
Trigonella corniculata is a small, erect to creeping, annual plant[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It is a traditional garden crop in India, grown as a pot-herb and a spice[
Southern Europe - Spain to Greece; W. Asia - Turkey, Israel; E. Asia - Himalayan regions of Pakistan, India and Nepal
Cultivated ground, dry banks and grassy places[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[
]. Prefers a well-drained loamy soil in full sun[
The plant is occasionally cultivated for its edible young leaves, there is at least one named variety[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.
Young leaves and stem tips - cooked as a potherb[
]. The dried leaves, known as 'kasoori methi', are used in Indian cooking[
The fruit is astringent, bitter and styptic[
]. It is applied externally to swellings and bruises[
The plant is used in the treatment of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. Studies have shown that a methanol extraction of the plant is a very effective treatment for diabetes[
The plant has been shown to have antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities[
All species in this genus have soil binding and soil improvement properties[
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ.