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Useful Temperate Plants

Thinopyrum intermedium

(Host) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Agropyron ambigens (Hausskn. ex Halácsy) Roshev.

Agropyron aucheri Boiss.

Agropyron aucheri glabrescens Mouterde

Agropyron banaticum (Heuff.) Thaisz

Agropyron barbatulum Schur

Agropyron barbulatum Schur

Agropyron ceretanum Sennen

Agropyron ciliatiflorum Roshev.

Agropyron collinum quadriflorum Opiz

Agropyron collinum quinqueflorum Opiz

Agropyron densiflorum (Willd.) P.Beauv.

Agropyron elongatum ruthenicum (Griseb.) Anghel & Morariu

Agropyron glaucum Roem. & Schult.

Agropyron goiranianum Vis. ex Goiran

Agropyron hispidum Opiz

Agropyron intermedium (Host) P.Beauv.

Agropyron laevifolium Opiz

Agropyron latronum (Godr.) P.Candargy

Agropyron mucronatum Opiz

Agropyron murinum Hausskn.

Agropyron podperae velutinum Melderis

Agropyron popovii Drobow

Agropyron pouzolzii latronum (Godr.) Rouy

Agropyron repens glaucum (Roem. & Schult.) Scribn.

Agropyron repens savignonei (De Not.) Bolzon

Agropyron ruthenicum (Griseb.) Prokudin

Agropyron salinum Schur

Agropyron savignonei De Not.

Agropyron trichophorum (Link) K.Richt.

Agropyron trichophorum barbulatum (Schur) Anghel & Morariu

Agropyron trichophorum goiranianum (Vis. ex Goiran) Anghel & Morariu

Agropyron trichophorum ruthenicum Griseb.

Agropyron truncatum (Wallr.) Fuss

Agropyron truncatum banaticum (Heuff.) Soó

Agropyron truncatum trichophorum (Link) Soó

Agropyron validum Opiz

Agropyron virescens (Pancic) P.Candargy

Braconotia glauca (Roem. & Schult.) Godr.

Elymus bazargiciensis Burduja

Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis

Elymus hispidus barbulatus (Schur) Melderis

Elymus truncatus (Wallr.) Melderis

Elymus truncatus trichophorus (Link) Soó

Elytrigia aucheri (Boiss.) Nevski

Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski

Elytrigia obtusiflora graeca (Melderis) H.Scholz

Elytrigia prokudinii Dubovik

Elytrigia pulcherrima glabra Ataeva

Elytrigia ruthenica (Griseb.) Prokudin

Elytrigia trichophora (Link) Nevski

Elytrigia trichophora glabra Ataeva

Trichopyrum intermedium (Host) Á.Löve

Triticum arenicola A.Kern. ex Meryh.

Triticum densiflorum Willd.

Triticum distichum Schleich. ex DC.

Triticum glaucum Desf. ex DC.

Triticum glaucum Honck.

Triticum glaucum barbulatum (Schur) Porcius

Triticum hirsutum Steven ex Schrad.

Triticum intermedium Host.

Triticum latronum Godr.

Triticum litorale glaucum Bolzon

Triticum repens Hegetschw.

Triticum repens glaucum (Roem. & Schult.) Coss. & Durieu

Triticum rigidum Schleich. ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch

Triticum rigidum banaticum Heuff.

Triticum rigidum ruthenicum Griseb.

Triticum savignonei (De Not.) Nyman

Triticum trichophorum Link

Triticum truncatum Wallr.

Triticum virescens (Pancic) Pancic

Zeia glauca (Roem. & Schult.) Lunell

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Thinopyrum intermedium is a perennial grass growing from elongated rhizomes. It produces a clump of erect to ascending culms 40 - 120cm long[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The seed has been harvested in the past, mainly as a famine food in times of shortage. Since the mid 20th century, work to improve seed yileds has been carried out and there are now several named cultivars grown on a commercial basis to supply edible seeds to a specialist market. Further developments and improvements in yield could lead to the plant becoming an important food crop. The plant is also commonly grown to stabilize nd restore soils.
Thinopyrum intermedium may become weedy or invasive in some regions or habitats and may displace desirable vegetation if not properly managed[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. The plant is long-lived (50+ years), spreads slowly vegetatively, and very
little via seed distribution. It is not considered a "weedy" or invasive species, but can spread into adjoining vegetative communities under ideal climatic and environmental conditions. Research indicates that most seedings do not spread from original plantings. It is known to coexist with native taxa. On favorable sites where it is best adapted, it can maintain dominance and exist as a monoculture[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc

Range

Eurasia - Germany, south to Portugal and Spain, east through Turkey and the Caucasus to central Asia, Afghanistan and Pakistan

Habitat

Steppes, on open stony and small-grained hillsides, among shrubs, up to the lower mountain belt; at elevations up to 2,300 metres[
1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

When grown at higher elevations (from 1,000 - 2,700 metres) Thinopyrum intermedium can tolerate a minimum annual rainfall of around 300mm, though rainfall requirements are greater at lower elevations[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. The plant can tolerate up to 1,160mm per annum[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].Plants can withstand considerable cold, with temperatures down to around -25°c, so long as this is not accompanied by heavy rain[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Requires a sunny position. It prefers well drained loamy to clayey textured soils; the pubescent form performs best on loamy to sandy to shallow soils[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. It can tolerate slightly acidic to mildly saline conditions[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Plants, especially the pubescent form, can tolerate low fertility[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Plants are tolerant of moderate, short-lasting seasonal inundation of the soil in spring[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Plants are very tolerant of fire - top growth is killed but the plant usually resprouts freely from the roots[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Seed production when the plant has ample moisture in the growing season can reach 500 - 600 kilos per hectare in the first year of harvest, though this diminishes in subsequent years unless the plant is fertilized and preferably also divided[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
,
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].
During the seed conditioning process, some of the seeds lose their hulls, producing naked hull-less grain. The hull-less seeds tend to lose viability more quickly and are therefore not sold for planting hay and forage crops. This grain is now being sold as Wild Triga, the first commercially available perennial grain[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].
There are two main forms of this species and at one time the two were treated as distinct (as Agropyron intermedium (Host) P.Beauv., with leaves and flower spikes mainly smooth; and Agropyron trichophorum (Link) K.Richt., which is densely hairy). The two interbreed freely and commercial seed will often produce a mix of the two forms. The hairy form is considered to be slightly more drought tolerant and winter hardy[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or cooked[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. A sweet, mild, nutty flavout[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. Usually ground into a powder and used as a flour, it can also be eaten raw when sprouted or can be cooked whole in a similar manner to rice, or be added to stews etc[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
The grain has higher levels of protein (20.8%), fat (3.21%) and ash (2.64%) than wheat[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. The protein is nutritionally limiting in lysine as is wheat, but the grain has higher levels than wheat of all the other essential amino acids[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. No functional gluten was found in samples of the grain tested by USDA. However no tests have been conducted to determine if individuals with wheat or gluten allergies can tolerate this grain and, since it is closely related to wheat, there is a possibility that this may cause similar problems[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].
Most of the grain will have the hulls still attached after harvesting. Dehulling can be accomplished with any piece of equipment that will rub the grain vigorously. A brush machine in which brushes rotate rapidly inside a cylindrical screen is an effective dehuller[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

This species is well adapted to the stabilization of disturbed soils. It can be used in critical and urban areas where irrigation water is limited; and to stabilize ditchbanks, dykes, roadsides and airport landing strips[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
,
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].
The plant can also be use to build soils because of its heavy root production. Levels as high as 7,500 kilos (dry weight) per hectare of root production in the upper 20cm of soil have been measured in five-year-old stands[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
It can be used as a reclamation grass for mine sites[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - if sufficient moisture is available, the seed can be sown shallowly in situ in late summer. It germinates within a few days and grows rapidly before becoming dormant for the winter. New growth in spring is rapid, the plant flowering in early summer and maturing the seed in mid to late summer[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. In drier soils the seed is better sown in the spring, but will generally only give a light crop or no crop of seed in its first year[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
If seed is in short supply then it can be sown in containers in a greenhouse, pricked out into individual pots when large enough to handle and then planted out when 15cm or more tall.
Division of the rhizomes is easy.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-08-15. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Thinopyrum+intermedium>

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