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Useful Temperate Plants

Thinopyrum elongatum

(Host) D.R.Dewey

Poaceae


The name of this species is not universally accepted, with some authorities still referring to it as Agropyron elongatum (Host) P.Beauv.[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Agropyron elongatum (Host) P.Beauv.

Agropyron giganteum (Roth) Roem. & Schult.

Agropyron haifense (Melderis) Bor

Agropyron incrustatum Adamovic

Agropyron junceum obtusiflorum (DC.) K.Richt.

Agropyron littorale obtusiflorum (DC.) Dumort.

Agropyron obtusiflorum (DC.) Roem. & Schult.

Agropyron rigidum (Schrad.) P.Beauv.

Agropyron scirpeum C.Presl

Braconotia rigida (Schrad.) Godr.

Elymus elongatus (Host) Runemark

Elymus obtusiflorus (DC.) Conert

Elymus ponticus (Podp.) N.Snow

Elymus scirpeus (C.Presl) Arrigoni

Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski

Elytrigia obtusiflora (DC.) Tzvelev

Elytrigia pontica (Podp.) Holub

Elytrigia scirpea (C.Presl) Holub

Elytrigia turcica P.E.McGuire

Lophopyrum elongatum (Host) Á.Löve

Lophopyrum haifense (Melderis) Á.Löve

Lophopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Á.Löve

Lophopyrum scirpeum (C.Presl) Á.Löve

Lophopyrum turcicum (P.E.McGuire) Á.Löve

Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey

Thinopyrum scirpeum (C.Presl) D.R.Dewey

Thinopyrum turcicum (P.E.McGuire) Zhi W.Liu & R.R.-C.Wang

Triticum elongatum Host

Triticum giganteum (Roth) Roth

Triticum glaucum Krock.

Triticum junceum giganteum Roth

Triticum junceum rigidum (Schrad.) Wahlenb.

Triticum obtusiflorum DC.

Triticum pilosum Seenus

Triticum ponticum Podp.

Triticum rigidum Schrad.

Triticum scirpeum (C.Presl) Guss.

Common Name: Tall Wheatgrass

No Image.

General Information

Thinopyrum elongatum is a clump-forming, perennial grass with erect, robust culms 35 - 300cm tall[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant is very tolerant of alkaline and saline soils and so is used in the reclamation nd stabilization of such soils, as well as being a potential source of biomass.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.

Range

Mediterranean region from Spain and Morocco eastwards through southeast Europe to central Asia

Habitat

Saline meadows and along seashores where it can be subject to occasional inundation[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height1.80 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Coming from the Mediterranean region, with its hot dry summers and cool, moist winters, Thinopyrum elongatum is a cool-season grass that grows mainly from the autumn round to the spring and then can become dormant in the summer[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
]. It is reported to tolerate an annual precipitation in the range of 300 - 2,100mm and average annual temperatures ranging between 5 - 19°c[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
]. Not all forms of the plant are frost-tolerant, but some forms will succeed even in Northern Canada[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
].
A very tolerant plant, able to grow in a wide range of conditions. It succeeds in soils with a pH of 5.3 - 9.0, and thrives in areas subject to inundation by saline water, such as seashores and saline meadows as well as on alkaline soils[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
]. The plant grows best in full sun but tolerates some shade.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant establishes well on wet alkaline soils and is extensively used in reclaiming such areas. It has been reported to be promising even in the arid zone of South Australia where rainfall is 125 - 200mm annually. The plant has also been recommended for reclaiming saline soils and it has also been shown how the species can be used in reclaiming red mud bauxite residues[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
].
Extremely tolerant of saline soils, it is used to manage salinity in irrigation water recovery systems[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The grass is often used for erosion control along roadsides and other critical areas. It has been recommended in the northern Great Plains for passive terrace formation[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
In a study in Saskatchewan, tall wheatgrass windbreaks with several years' growth improved soil moisture levels and alfalfa yields[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Other Uses

According to the phytomass files, annual productivity ranges from 2 - 15 tonnes per hectare, which phytomass could be converted to alcohol or methane[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
].
The grass is currently being evaluated as a possible source of cellulosic ethanol. Problems may exist, however, with biomass production in saline environments due to high concentrations of salts and heavy metals, as well as potentially high emission levels of nitrous and sulfuric oxides[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
High quality particleboard can be produced by using tall wheatgrass[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

The plant is used in breeding programs to transfer genes for salinity, drought and disease resistance to annual wheat[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow, or only just cover the seed, in a greenhouse in early autumn. Germination should take place within a few days. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots and plant out in the following autumn or spring.
If you are sowing a large area, then the seed can be sown in situ, preferably in early autumn, though in areas experiencing heavy frosts in the winter it would be best to sow the seed in the spring. A seed rate of 9 - 13 kg per hectare is recommended[
269
Title
Handbook of Energy Crops
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J.
Publisher
-
Year
1983
ISBN
-
Description
Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of both temperate and tropical plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-10-17. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Thinopyrum+elongatum>

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