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Useful Temperate Plants

Thermopsis lanceolata

R.Br.

Fabaceae


This species has been confused in literature with Thermopsis lupinioides (syn Thermopsis fabacea), a species found in the Russian Far East, Japan and Korea. All the uses included here refer to this species, the uses included in the record for Thermopsis lupinioides might also belong here. See Brummitt, R. K., et al. 'Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 60.' Taxon, vol. 58, no. 1, , pp. 280-292. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27756843.

+ Synonyms

Thermopsis sibirica Czefr.

Thermopsis glabra Czefr.

Thermopsis orientalis Czefr.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Thermopsis lanceolata is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a long, branched, rhizomatous rootstock; it produces a cluster of branched or simple stems 10 - 30cm long[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for use as a medicine and is traded locally. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens, valued especially for its attractive foliage and lupin-like spires of yellow flowers[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Known Hazards

The plant is very poisonous. The seeds have harmful effects when present as an impurity in flour to the extent of 20.5% [?] by weight. The plant is avoided by livestock[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Asia - Kazakhstan, Siberia, Mongolia, western and central China, Nepal

Habitat

Occurring in large groups in steppes, often saline, steppe slopes, sometimes stony, sandy places, and river valleys; often a weed of field crops, especially of wheat, gullies, and roadsides[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.20 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Thermopsis lanceolata is a plant of temperate continental climates and is very cold-hardy, able to tolerate winter temperatures falling to around -35°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It grows best in regions with hot summers.
Requires a sunny position, succeeding in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants can spread fairly rapidly by means of rhizomes, and can out-compete less vigorous plants[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves and root are used in Mongolian medicine. The taste is bitter, the potency is cool and heavy. It is used for treating wounds and fever, and for fortifying the body. It is an ingredient in several traditional prescriptions in Mongolia[
1081
Title
Medicinal Plants in Mongolia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.who.in
Publisher
World Health Organisation; Western Pacific Region
Year
2013
ISBN
987 92 9061 632 0
Description
Information on medicinal plants from Mongolia
]

The leaves are used as an expectorant[
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
].
Thermopsis has application in Tibetan medicine. The plant provides a very promising expectorant, superior in its effect to ipecac and other imported agents[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The plant contains several alkaloids, including cytisine, anagrine, pachycarpine, rhombifoline, N-methylcytisine, N-formylcytisine, thermopsine, termopsidin, lupanin and spartein[
1081
Title
Medicinal Plants in Mongolia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.who.in
Publisher
World Health Organisation; Western Pacific Region
Year
2013
ISBN
987 92 9061 632 0
Description
Information on medicinal plants from Mongolia
].
Infusions and extracts of the plant, as well as the alkaloid thermopsin derived from it, act chiefly on the medulla oblongata and cerebrum, more particularly on vomitory, respiratory and vasomotor centers; the effect on the living organism ranges according to dosage from tonic and stimulant to depressive and paralyzing or even fatally asphyxiant. The direct and reflex effects of small doses of thermopsine on the vomitory center are associated with increased secretion of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and are thus conducive to expectoration[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Thermopsis species in general have potential in soil conservation and stabilization projects. They fix atmospheric nitrogen, are drought-tolerant, deep rooting, and spread by underground root systems to form broad patches[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The flowers are a rich source of nectar[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in early spring in a cold frame. Germination is usually good and within a month[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division in spring. Somewhat difficult, divided plants do not establish readily[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2020-09-21. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Thermopsis+lanceolata>

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