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Useful Temperate Plants

Stuckenia pectinata

(L.) Börner

Potamogetonaceae

+ Synonyms

Buccaferrea pectinata (L.) Bubani

Coleogeton pectinatus (L.) Les & R.R.Haynes

Potamogeton acifolius Ma

Potamogeton angustissimus Kunth

Potamogeton balatonicus (Gams) Soó

Potamogeton borealis Raf.

Potamogeton bracteatus Y.D.Chen

Potamogeton chakassiensis (Kaschina) Volobaev

Potamogeton columbianus Suksd.

Potamogeton diffusus Herter

Potamogeton drupaceus O.Lang

Potamogeton erhaiensis Y.D.Chen

Potamogeton exstipulatus Wolfg.

Potamogeton filicaulis Schur

Potamogeton filiformis Nolte

Potamogeton flabellatus Bab.

Potamogeton helveticus (G.Fisch.) W.Koch

Potamogeton interruptus Kit.

Potamogeton intramongolicus Ma

Potamogeton lanceolatus Mazziari

Potamogeton leptanthus Y.D.Chen

Potamogeton livingstonei A.Benn.

Potamogeton lucens longipedunculatus Tiselius

Potamogeton marinus L.

Potamogeton miniatus Y.D.Chen

Potamogeton nanus Y.D.Chen

Potamogeton pectinatus L.

Potamogeton pusillus flabellatus (Bab.) Hook.f.

Potamogeton pusillus interruptus (Kit.) J.Presl & C.Presl

Potamogeton siculus Bercht. & J.Presl

Potamogeton tenuifolius Kunth

Potamogeton vaginatus helveticus G.Fisch.

Potamogeton vaillantii Roem. & Schult.

Potamogeton zosteraceus Bab.

Potamogeton zosteraceus Fr.

Spirillus interruptus (Kit.) Nieuwl.

Spirillus pectiniformis Nieuwl.

Stuckenia borealis (Raf.) Holub

Stuckenia chakassiensis (Kaschina) Klinkova

Stuckenia helvetica (G.Fisch.) Holub

Stuckenia intramongolica Tzvelev

Stuckenia marina (L.) Tzvelev

Stuckenia mongolica (A.Benn.) Klinkova

Stuckenia zosteracea (Fr.) Tzvelev

Common Name: Fennel-Leaved Pondweed

No Image.

General Information

Stuckenia pectinata is an aquatic herbaceous plant with stems usually up to 100cm long. It is generally completely submersed, except for the reproductive spike that peaks above the water. It is nearly unbranched at the base, becoming freely branched towards the top[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It can be used to remove toxins from aquatic environments and also to help reduce erosion along the edges of aquatic environments.
This species may become weedy or invasive in some regions or habitats and may displace more desirable vegetation
if not properly managed. It is considered to be a nuisance weed or noxious weed in irrigation canals and in some waters that are used for recreational purposes[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.

Range

An almost cosmopolitan plant, found in most areas of the world including Britain

Habitat

Ponds, rivers, canals, ditches etc, especially in base-rich waters, avoiding acid conditions and shade[
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. Semi-permanent to permanently flooded areas where the water is less than 250cm deep and the flow is less than 1 metre per second[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsWater
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Stuckenia pectinata is a cosmopolitan plant, found in most regions of the world, though not in Australia.
The plant can grow in nearly all bottom substrates and can tolerate high salinity, pH, and alkaline water[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. It is best given a loam based medium in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants are able to tolerate up to 3 months in a year when the water is absent[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
A polymorphic species[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].
A fast growing plant in need of constant checking to make sure it does not overrun the pond[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It provides a very good food source for ducks and other water fowl[
212
Title
A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers
Publication
 
Author
Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R.
Publisher
The Riverside Press
Year
1963
ISBN
63-7093
Description
Excellent little pocket guide to the area, covering 590 species and often giving details of their uses.
].
Plants do not flower every year[
212
Title
A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers
Publication
 
Author
Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R.
Publisher
The Riverside Press
Year
1963
ISBN
63-7093
Description
Excellent little pocket guide to the area, covering 590 species and often giving details of their uses.
]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus, the resulting progeny is usually sterile[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Leaves and stems[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
]. No more details are given.

Root - raw[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
]. It tastes like nuts[
85
Title
Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains.
Publication
 
Author
Harrington. H. D.
Publisher
University of New Mexico Press
Year
1967
ISBN
0-8623-0343-9
Description
A superb book. Very readable, it gives the results of the authors experiments with native edible plants.
]. The outer rind should be removed[
85
Title
Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains.
Publication
 
Author
Harrington. H. D.
Publisher
University of New Mexico Press
Year
1967
ISBN
0-8623-0343-9
Description
A superb book. Very readable, it gives the results of the authors experiments with native edible plants.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of a feverish liver[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A submerged aquatic plant that can be used as an oxygenator of ponds[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
The plant may be used to suppress phytoplankton blooms in ponds and lakes by taking up phosphorus from the water[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant may also be used to monitor heavy metal pollution in rivers[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The wave dampening action of the plant can be used for erosion control of shores and dams[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a pot that is standing in its own depth of water in a greenhouse as soon as the seed is ripe if this is possible. Stored seed is likely to have a short viability. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and increase the depth of water around the pot until the plants are covered by a few centimetres of water. Grow the plants on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter, increasing the depth of water as the plants grow larger. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer.
Division in spring[
56
Title
Complete Guide to Water Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Muhlberg. H.
Publisher
E. P. Publishing Ltd.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-7158-0789-7
Description
Deals with a wide range of plants for temperate areas (and indoor aquaria) with quite a lot of information on cultivation techniques.
].
Cuttings of erect shoots in the growing season[
56
Title
Complete Guide to Water Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Muhlberg. H.
Publisher
E. P. Publishing Ltd.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-7158-0789-7
Description
Deals with a wide range of plants for temperate areas (and indoor aquaria) with quite a lot of information on cultivation techniques.
].

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