Agrostis compressa Poir.
Agrostis elongata Lam.
Agrostis indica L.
Agrostis tenacissima Jacq.
Agrostis tenuissima Spreng.
Axonopus poiretii Roem. & Schult.
Sporobolus angustus Buckley
Sporobolus berteroanus (Trin.) Hitchc. & Chase
Sporobolus exilis (Trin.) Balansa
Sporobolus jacquemontii Borhidi
Sporobolus jacquemontii Kunth
Sporobolus lamarckii Desv. ex Ham.
Sporobolus minor Trin. ex Kunth
Sporobolus poiretii (Roem. & Schult.) Hitchc.
Sporobolus pyramidatus (Lam.) Hitchc.
Vilfa angusta Buckley
Vilfa berteroana Trin.
Vilfa exilis Trin.
Vilfa familiaris Steud. ex Lechler
Vilfa indica (L.) Trin. ex Steud.
Vilfa jacquemontii (Kunth) Trin.
Vilfa rupestris (Kunth) Trin.
Vilfa rupestris Trin.
Vilfa tenacissima (L.f.) Kunth
Common Name: Smut Grass
Sporobolus indicus is usually a rather densely clump-forming, perennial grass with erect, branched culms 30 - 100cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its straw, which is woven into various items. The seed has occasionally been used for food.
The plant has become naturalised in many areas outside its original range. It spreads well in areas where there is traffic and the soil has been compacted and is particularly aggressive in wet and swampy soils[
Widespread in subtropical to tropical areas of Europe and Asia; S. America through Central America, the Caribbean and southern N. America.
Found in poor dry soils in Australia[
]. Waste places, roadsides etc in the Philippines[
]. Savannahs, dry hills, fields and waste places in Panama[
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Succeeds in warm temperate to tropical areas.
Succeeds in any well drained soil in a sunny position[
Seed - raw or cooked. It can be ground into a flour[
The plant is used to enrich the blood, reduce swellings and correct gonorrhoea[
]. It is considered to be an antifertility drug in some countries[
A fibre is obtained from the leaves[
The tough culms are used for making hats and other items that can be woven from straw[
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if they have grown sufficiently. Otherwise, grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring of the following year.
Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.