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Useful Temperate Plants

Sophora moorcroftiana

(Benth.) Benth. ex Baker

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Caragana moorcroftiana Benth.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Sophora moorcroftiana is a densely-branched, spiny, evergreen shrub with a rounded top; it can grow around 1 metre tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. It is used in soil stabilization projects on the Tibetan Plateau.
Although small, this species is one of the few woody plants growing in much of its semi-arid environment and it is heavily exploited as a source of fuelwood. This is reducing the population of plants in the wild and has been contributing to desertification in this region. The plant is considered to be Endangered on the Tibetan Plateau[
1608
Title
Genetic Diversity, Population Structure, and Conservation of Sophora moorcroftiana (Fabaceae), a Shrub Endemic to th
Publication
Plant Biology 8 (2006) 81-92
Author
Liu Z.-M. et al.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-872889
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1435-8603
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

The plant contains cytosine, which resembles nicotine and is similarly toxic[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].

Botanical References

11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - Himalayan regions of China (Xizang), India, Bhutan, Myanmar

Habitat

Semi-arid mountain slopes and terraces; at elevations from 3,500 - 4,200 metres[
51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
,
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
]. Forests in valleys; at elevations from 3,000 - 4,500 metres in Tibet[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsInsects, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Sophora moorcroftiana is a moderately cold-hardy plnat, tolerating temperatures down to around -20°c when fully dormant. It requires hot summers if it is to thrive, in areas with cooler summers it requires the extra warmth of a sunny wall if it is to flower well[
184
Title
Shrubs.
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1989
ISBN
0-330-30258-2
Description
Excellent photographs and a terse description of 1,900 species and cultivars.
].
Succeeds in a well-drained moderately fertile soil in full sun[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It grows best in the warmer areas of the country where the wood will be more readily ripened and better able to withstand winter cold[
219
Title
Gardening on Walls
Publication
 
Author
Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V.
Publisher
Collins
Year
1983
ISBN
0-00-219220-0
Description
A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls.
].
Closely related to Sophora davidii[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Plants should be container-grown and planted out whilst young, older plants do not transplant well[
219
Title
Gardening on Walls
Publication
 
Author
Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V.
Publisher
Collins
Year
1983
ISBN
0-00-219220-0
Description
A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls.
].
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The seed is antiphlogistic, depurative, diuretic, emetic and stomachic[
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
]. A paste of the seeds is used in the treatment of gastric troubles[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
]. A decoction of the seeds is used to treat a range of conditions including infectious diseases, especially if caused by parasites[
1609
Title
Antitumor Effects of Ethanolic Extracts from Sophora moorcroftiana Seeds in Mice
Publication
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 2009; 11(1):18-22
Author
Xingming M. et al
Website
http://www.irmj.ir
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Alkaloids from the plant have a protoscolicidal, anti-inflammatory effect and induce apoptosis of human stomach cancer cell line SGC-7901[
1609
Title
Antitumor Effects of Ethanolic Extracts from Sophora moorcroftiana Seeds in Mice
Publication
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 2009; 11(1):18-22
Author
Xingming M. et al
Website
http://www.irmj.ir
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is a key species in its native habitat, where it plays an important role in the stabilization of sand dunes. It is used in replanting programmes to stabilize dune systems and restore native vegetation[
1608
Title
Genetic Diversity, Population Structure, and Conservation of Sophora moorcroftiana (Fabaceae), a Shrub Endemic to th
Publication
Plant Biology 8 (2006) 81-92
Author
Liu Z.-M. et al.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-872889
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1435-8603
Description
 
].

Other Uses

Used as an insecticide[
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
]. No more details.

The stems are used as a fuel in areas where other wood is scarce[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
,
1608
Title
Genetic Diversity, Population Structure, and Conservation of Sophora moorcroftiana (Fabaceae), a Shrub Endemic to th
Publication
Plant Biology 8 (2006) 81-92
Author
Liu Z.-M. et al.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-872889
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1435-8603
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Pre-soak stored seed for 12 hours in hot (not boiling) water and sow in late winter in a greenhouse[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. Prick out the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into individual pots in the greenhouse, and grow them on for 2 years under protected conditions. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer of their third year.
Cuttings of young shoots with a heel, mid summer in a frame[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Air-layering[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-12-08. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Sophora+moorcroftiana>

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