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Useful Temperate Plants

Senegalia modesta

(Wall.) P.J.H.Hurter

Fabaceae


Classification of the genus Acacia (in the wider sense) has been subject to considerable debate. It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but there has been disagreement over the way this should be done. As of 2017, it is widely (but not completely) accepted that the section that includes the majority of the Australian species should retain the name Acacia, whilst other sections of the genus should be transferred to other genera. This species is transferred to Senegalia[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Acacia modesta Wall.

Mimosa dumosa Roxb.

Mimosa obovata Roxb.

Common Name: Phulai

No Image.

General Information

Senegalia modesta is a thorny, deciduous tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole can be around 100cm in diameter in old trees[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
].
This species is currently (2017) the main source of gum arabic used n the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and textile industries. It is cultivated for this gum in India, and is also grown for wind protection in Pakistan.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.

Range

Asia - Afghanistan, Pakistan, India

Habitat

Stony ground[
1291
Title
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet activities of the methanolic extract of Acacia modesta leaves
Publication
Inflammopharmacol (2010) 18:187-196
Author
Ishfaq A. Bukhari; Rafeeq A. Khan; Anwar H. Gilani; Sagheer
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
DOI 10.1007/s1078
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Senegalia modesta is native to the warm temperate and subtropical regions of Afghanistan to India, where it can experience temperatures falling to around -5°c, and rising to around 40°c. It grows in areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 250 - 1,300mm.
Requires a sunny position. Succeeds in dry and shallow soils. Established plants are very drought tolerant.
A slow-growing tree[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
Trees respond well to coppicing[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A gum obtained from the tree is restorative, stimulant, tonic[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
,
1232
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Some Useful Shrubs and Trees of District Buner, NWFP, Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
Muhammad Hamayun
Publisher
Ethnobotany Project, WWF-Pakistan; Peshawar
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A brief guide to the traditional uses of 94 woody species from District Buner, NWFP, Pakistan
]. It is used in the treatment of muscular conditions, back pain, and stomach problems[
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
]. A mixture of the gum with ghee, poppy seeds and almonds is fed to women after child birth[
1232
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Some Useful Shrubs and Trees of District Buner, NWFP, Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
Muhammad Hamayun
Publisher
Ethnobotany Project, WWF-Pakistan; Peshawar
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A brief guide to the traditional uses of 94 woody species from District Buner, NWFP, Pakistan
].

Various parts of the plant, including the gum, leaves, flowers, sticks, and wood, are used for several medicinal purposes. The plant is used in the treatment of dysentery, leprosy, oral toothache, trachoma, venereal diseases, and wounds,

An aqueous preparation of the fresh leaves is used for treating sore eyes and cataract[
1291
Title
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet activities of the methanolic extract of Acacia modesta leaves
Publication
Inflammopharmacol (2010) 18:187-196
Author
Ishfaq A. Bukhari; Rafeeq A. Khan; Anwar H. Gilani; Sagheer
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
DOI 10.1007/s1078
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree has good potential for use as a pioneer for reforestation projects in arid and semi-arid locations.
It is grown to provide shelter from the wind[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Other Uses

A gum is obtained from the tree[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
]. Produced in small tears or angular fragments, the tasteless, yellowish gum produces a good, pale-coloured mucilage[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
,
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Known as Gum Arabic (E number E 414), it is an edible polysaccharide used in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and textile industries, as an emulsifying, suspending and stabilizing agent. It is also commonly used in traditional medicine[
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
].

The tender twigs are used for cleaning the teeth[
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
].

The heartwood is dark brown with black streaks; the large band of sapwood is white. The texture is medium, the grain straight and fairly even. The wood is strong, extremely hard and durable, even in contact with water. A most beautiful wood[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
719
Title
A Manual of the Timbers of the World
Publication
 
Author
Howard A.L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
MacMillan and Co.; London.
Year
1934
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent and comprehensive book on timbers. Rather dated, but still a main source of information for many of the less known woods. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is used for sugar cane crushers. Persian wheels and agricultural implements[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
]. The wood is not very ornamental, nor is it easy to work[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
].
The wood is a popular fuel[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
,
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].The dried seed of most, if not all, members of this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Sow the seed in Spring in a greenhouse. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors.
Acacia seeds that have matured fully on the bush and have been properly dried have a hard seed coat and can be stored in closed containers without deterioration for 5 - 10 years or more in dry conditions at ambient temperatures. It is best to remove the aril, which attracts weevils and can lead to moulds forming. The arils are easilyremoved by placing the seeds in water and rubbing them between the hands, then drying the seeds and winnowing them[
1294
Title
Potential of Australian Acacias in combating hunger in semi-arid lands
Publication
Conservation Science W. Aust. 4 (3):161-169 (2002)
Author
Rinaudo A.; Patel P.; Thomson L.A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-07-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Senegalia+modesta>

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