Arundinaria bungoensis Nakai
Arundinaria koboi Nakai
Arundinaria nipponica (Makino) Makino
Bambusa nipponica Makino
Neosasamorpha elegans (Makino) Koidz.
Sasa asoensis Nakai
Sasa bicolor Koidz.
Sasa elegans Makino
Sasa hatenashiensis Koidz.
Sasa hikosanensis Makino & Koidz
Sasa hiyeiana Koidz.
Sasa igaensis Nakai
Sasa iyoensis Nakai
Sasa kumaensis Koidz.
Sasa kumasoana Koidz.
Sasa kuntaensis Koidz.
Sasa lokkomontana Koidz.
Sasa maculata Nakai
Sasa mikawana Koidz.
Sasa nagasei Sad.Suzuki
Sasa nandaiensis Koidz.
Sasa neotenuissima Koidz.
Sasa nunobikiensis Koidz.
Sasa ohminensis Makino & Koidz.
Sasa pycnotricha Koidz.
Sasa sacrosancta Koidz.
Sasa sambiensis Koidz.
Sasa scaberula Makino & Koidz.
Sasa tashiroi Koidz.
Sasa tenuissima Makino & Nakai
Sasa tomodensis Nakai
Sasa ureneiana Koidz.
Sasa yoigana Koidz.
Sasaella bungoensis (Nakai) Koidz.
Sasaella koboi (Nakai) Koidz.
Common Name: Miyako-Zasa
Sasa nipponica is an evergreen bamboo that can grow 30 - 100cm tall; the erect, woody culms are around 10mm in diameter with thin-walled, long and slender internodes[
]. The rhizomes are elongated, the plant having a running habit that can produce new canes some distance from the main clump. It quickly forms an open thicket of slender, erect culms topped by a loose canopy of large, spreading leaves[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
We have no specific information for this species, but members of this genus have a running rootstock that in some species can become rampant and invasive[
E. Asia - central and southern Japan.
Woodlands and damp hollows[
Sasa nipponica is found in the temperate zone of central and southern Japan and is said to be able to tolerate temperatures down to about -20°c[
Requires a good humus rich loam with ample moisture in the growing season[
]. Prefers partial shade[
], growing well in thin woodland[
This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time.
This species is sometimes confused with Sasaella ramosa[
Seed - used as a cereal[
]. The seed is only produced at intervals of many years.
Seed - if possible, surface sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Stored seed is best sown as soon as it is received. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out, which could be a few years. Plants only flower at intervals of several years and so seed is rarely available.
Division in late spring as new growth commences. Take large divisions, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main clump as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
]. Divisions of less than 5 - 6 culms rarely succeed[