Sasa confuse Nakai
Sasa gigantea Tatew.
Sasa kurilensis cernua (Makino) Nakai
Sasa kurilensis gigantea Tatew.
Sasa kurilensis lasiochlamys Koidz.
Sasa matsudae Nakai
Sasa momosei Nakai
Sasa nambuana Koidz.
Sasa nishigoensis Nakai
Sasa nishiyamensis Uchida
Sasa pseudocernua Koidz.
Sasa sorstitialis Koidz.
Sasa spiculosa psilonodosa (Koidz.) Tzvelev
Sasa cernua is an evergreen bamboo that can grow 150 - 300cm tall; the erect, woody culms are around 10mm in diameter with thin-walled internodes[
]. The rhizomes are elongated, the plant having a running habit that can produce new canes some distance from the main clump. It quickly forms an open thicket of slender, erect culms topped by a loose canopy of large, spreading leaves[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Sasa cernua has no known threats, it is locally common and often forms dense thickets of vegetation. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
We have no specific information for this species, but members of this genus have a running rootstock that in some species can become rampant and invasive[
E. Asia - Russian Far East - Sakhalin, north and central Japan.
Forming compact thickets in montane forests, especially on sparsely forested slopes, in clearings and glades, and among shrubs in the lower montane belt[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
Sasa cernua is native to the temperate zone of central and northern Japan, where winter temperatures can fall below -20°c.
Species in this genus generally grow best in partial shade, preferring a damp humus rich soil[
Members of this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time.
Young shoots - cooked[
Seed - if possible, surface sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Stored seed is best sown as soon as it is received. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out, which could be a few years. Plants only flower at intervals of several years and so seed is rarely available.
Division in late spring as new growth commences. Take large divisions, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main clump as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
]. Divisions of less than 5 - 6 culms rarely succeed[