The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Red Coast Elder
Sambucus callicarpa is a Deciduous Shrub up to 3.00 metres tall.
It has edible and medicinal uses.
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the leaves and stems of some members of this genus are poisonous[
]. The fruit of many species (although no records have been seen for this species) has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. Any toxin the fruit might contain is liable to be of very low toxicity and is destroyed when the fruit is cooked[
Western N. America - Alaska to California.
River banks in low moist soils from sea-level to 2400 metres[
Tolerates most soils, including chalk[
], but prefers a moist loamy soil[
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates some shade but is best in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and coastal situations[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. The fruit can be made into jams and preserves[
]. It can also be dried for winter use[
]. The fruit is about 5mm in diameter and is borne in large clusters[
]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity.
Flowers - raw or cooked.
The leaves are abortifacient, analgesic, oxytocic and poultice[
]. A decoction of the leaves has been used to terminate a pregnancy and can also be taken during labour to ease the birth[
]. An infusion of the leaves has been used as an antiseptic wash on areas affected by blood poisoning[
]. A poultice of the pounded leaves has been applied to abscess and boils and also to sore joints to help reduce the swelling[
]. A poultice of the cooked shoots has been used to alleviate pain[
The bark is cathartic[
]. An infusion of the bark has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds[
]. A poultice of the bark has been applied to sore joints to help reduce the swelling[
The fruit has been cooked and eaten as a treatment for stomach problems[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, when it should germinate in early spring. Stored seed can be sown in the spring in a cold frame but will probably germinate better if it is given 2 months warm followed by 2 months cold stratification first[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If good growth is made, the young plants can be placed in their permanent positions during the early summer. Otherwise, either put them in a sheltered nursery bed, or keep them in their pots in a sheltered position and plant them out in spring of the following year.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth 15 - 20cm with a heel, late autumn in a frame or a sheltered outdoor bed[