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Useful Temperate Plants

Salvia mellifera

Greene

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Audibertia spinulosa Nutt. ex Benth.

Audibertia stachyoides Benth.

Audibertiella stachyoides (Benth.) Briq.

Ramona stachyoides (Benth.) Briq.

Common Name: Californian Black Sage

No Image.

General Information

Salvia mellifera is an evergreen perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody, especially near the base, and persist. The plant has an open, spreading habit and can grow up to 2 metres tall[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental in gardens, where it can be used to form a ground cover[
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

South-western N. America - western California, northwest Mexico (Baja California).

Habitat

Found in coastal sage scrub and chaparral plant communities, growing on dry slopes; at elevations up to 2,000 metres[
276
Title
Flora of California
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.calflora.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of the Californian flora, giving details on plant habitats and photos of the plants.
,
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Salvia mellifera is not very cold-hardy, being able to tolerate short periods with temperatures down to between -5 and -8°c so long as the soil is well-drained[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Requires a very well-drained light sandy soil in a sunny position[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a rich soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Soils rich in nitrogen encourage excessive leaf growth at the expense of flowering[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
]. Plants can be killed by excessive winter wet[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The plant is very susceptible to atmospheric pollution, especially from sulphur dioxide[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
This species hybridizes freely with several other Salvia species, including Salvia apiana, Salvia columbariae and Salvia leucophylla[
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].
The leaves are aromatic[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
Plants are believed to live for around 20 - 30 years in the wild[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
233
Title
Perennial Garden Plants
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons, London.
Year
1990
ISBN
0 460 86048 8
Description
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.
,
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].

Edible Uses

The aromatic leaves and young stems can be brewed into a tea[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
,
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
].

The leaves and stems can be used as a food flavouring[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
,
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. A mint-flavoured condiment[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

The seeds can be dried then ground into a powder and used as a gruel[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
,
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

Medicinal

The green leaves are cardiac and carminative[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of heart complaints[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. They can be chewed in the treatment of gas pains[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. A poultice of the heated leaves can be applied to the ear in the treatment of ear pains, or to the neck in the treatment of sore throats[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].
A decoction of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic bronchial coughs[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The decoction has also been used as a bath in the treatment of paralysis[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant, especially the cultivar 'Terra Seca' (syn 'Prostrata') maes a good ground cover in semi-arid areas[
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].
This species is a suitable revegetation species because of its drought-resistance, spreading habit, and rapid growth rate. It is recommended for use in greenbelts and parkways, as well as in areas where restoration of coastal sage scrub habitat is desired. Seedling establishment is good when fresh seed is hand-broadcast or hydroseeded[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The plant is also recommended for erosion control plantings within coastal sage scrub communities in its native range. Suitable sites include sunny slopes with either shallow or deep soils at elevations below 1,830 metres[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The plant is quite susceptible to air pollution damage from sulphur dioxide, and possibly also ozone. Consequently, it is an effective biological monitor of air pollution for areas of southern California [
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
]
The plant is a very good source of nectar and pollen for bees[
678
Title
A Book of Salvias - Sages for Every Garden
Publication
 
Author
Clebsch B.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc.; Oregon.
Year
1997
ISBN
0-88192-369-9
Description
Fairly detailed information on over 100 species of Salvia that are grown as ornamentals.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow early to mid spring in a greenhouse[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Germination usually takes place within 2 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. In areas where the plant is towards the limits of its hardiness, it is best to grow the plants on in a greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring of the following year.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood succeed at almost any time in the growing season[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-10. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Salvia+mellifera>

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