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Common Name: Shining Willow
Salix lucida is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 8.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
Eastern and Central N. America - Newfoundland to the eastern base of the Rockies.
Wet soils, especially in and along swamps[
], also in marshes, peat bogs and on sand banks along creeks[
Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[
], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[
]. Rarely thrives on chalk[
A fast-growing but short-lived plant[
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[
]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[
]. They form a valuable early food for bumble bees[
Closely related to S. pentandra[
Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
The bark is analgesic, antiasthmatic, astringent and haemostatic[
]. It is used in the treatment of bleeding and asthma[
]. A poultice of the bark has been applied to the head to allay the pain of headaches[
]. The poultice has also been used to treat sores and bleeding cuts[
An infusion of the leaves is used as an analgesic in the treatment of headaches[
The fresh bark contains salicin, which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[
]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[
Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, late autumn to late winter in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, early summer to August in a frame. Very easy.