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Common Name: Rusty Sallow
Salix atrocinerea is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 10.00 metres tall.
It has medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
Southwestern Europe in Britain, France, Spain and Portugal to N.W. Morocco..
Common in woods and heaths, by ponds and streams, in marshes and fens, ascending to 600 metres[
Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[
], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[
]. Rarely thrives on chalk[
]. A relatively slow-growing but extremely durable plant when growing in very exposed positions[
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[
]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[
Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[
], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[
]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[
The bark of this species is used interchangeably with S. alba. It is taken internally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, inflammatory stages of auto-immune diseases, diarrhoea, dysentery, feverish illnesses, neuralgia and headache[
]. The bark is removed during the summer and dried for later use[
The leaves are used internally in the treatment of minor feverish illnesses and colic[
]. The leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season and are used fresh or dried[
Plants have an extensive root system and are used to stabilize waste tips and old slag heaps[
Plants are very hardy and wind-resistant, they form an excellent wind-break without any tendency to die back[
Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, late autumn to late winter in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, early summer to August in a frame.