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Useful Temperate Plants

Rubus sanctus

Schreb.

Rosaceae


The genus Rubus, (especially the blackberries, which are often loosely referred to as Rubus fruticosus agg.) presents some of the most difficult taxonomic problems. This is partly due to the frequency of polyploidy; also to the frequent occurrence of hybridization; and also due to apomixis, where minor differences between plants are preserved because seedlings are genetically identical to their parent. As a result, differences of opinion on the number of species to be recognized from a given region can vary tremendously (for example, a treatment by M. L. Fernald[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
] in 1950 recognized 205 species for the northern half of the eastern United States plus parts of southeastern Canada, whilst H. A. Gleason and A. Cronquist in 1991 recognized only 25)[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
]. Where possible, a relatively conservative approach is taken here[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Rubus albicans Krašan

Rubus amoenus (Port. ex Vis.) Focke

Rubus anatolicus (Focke) Hausskn.

Rubus dalmaticus (Tratt.) Guss.

Rubus dalmatinus (Tratt.) Guss.

Rubus discolor amoenus (Port. ex Vis.) Nyman

Rubus fruticosus amoenus Port. ex Vis.

Rubus fruticosus dalmaticus Tratt.

Rubus fruticosus dalmatinus Tratt.

Rubus rotundifolius Krašan

Rubus sanguineus Friv.

Rubus turcomanicus Freyn

Rubus ulmifolius anatolicus Focke

Rubus ulmifolius dalmaticus (Tratt.) Evers

Rubus ulmifolius dalmatinus (Tratt.) Focke

Rubus ulmifolius sanctus (Schreb.) Sudre

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Rubus sanctus is a deciduous shrub producimg each year a cluster of prickly, arching biennial stems from a woody rootstock. The apex of the stem often touches the ground at the end of the first year's growth and produces roots to form a new plant. The stems only produce leaves in their first year, forming flower-bearing branches in the second and dying after fruiting[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The plant grows up to 2 metres tall, spreading to form dense thickets.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is cultivated in southern Kazakstan for its fruits[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

93
Title
Flora of Turkey.
Publication
 
Author
Davis. P. H.
Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
Not for the casual reader, this is an immense work in many volumes. Some details of plant uses and habitats.

Range

Europe - Ukraine, Balkans, Greece, Bulgaria; Asia - Turkey to Israel, through the Caucasus and Iran to Turkmenistan and Pakistan; N. Africa - Libya

Habitat

Open scrub, rocky slopes, river banks, fixed dunes, coastal plains and waste places; at elevations up to 1,250 metres in Turkey[
93
Title
Flora of Turkey.
Publication
 
Author
Davis. P. H.
Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
Not for the casual reader, this is an immense work in many volumes. Some details of plant uses and habitats.
]. Roadsides, riverbanks and sea shores, open dry slopes, forest clearings,
shrubby formations[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height1.50 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species does not form suckers[
93
Title
Flora of Turkey.
Publication
 
Author
Davis. P. H.
Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
Not for the casual reader, this is an immense work in many volumes. Some details of plant uses and habitats.
].
Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. A blackberry-like fruit that is scarcely juicy[
93
Title
Flora of Turkey.
Publication
 
Author
Davis. P. H.
Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
Not for the casual reader, this is an immense work in many volumes. Some details of plant uses and habitats.
]. A globose fruit with large drupelets[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the roots is taken to alleviate pain and heal rheumatism[
1167
Title
Wound Healing Activity of Rubus sanctus Schreber (Rosaceae): Preclinical Study in Animal Models
Publication
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Vol 2011, Article ID 816156, 6 pages
Author
Ipek Suntar; Ufuk Koca;Hikmet Keles; & Esra Kupeli Akkol
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
A study on the wound healing properties of Rubus sanctus
].

The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to exhibit significant antiinflammatory activity[
1167
Title
Wound Healing Activity of Rubus sanctus Schreber (Rosaceae): Preclinical Study in Animal Models
Publication
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Vol 2011, Article ID 816156, 6 pages
Author
Ipek Suntar; Ufuk Koca;Hikmet Keles; & Esra Kupeli Akkol
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
A study on the wound healing properties of Rubus sanctus
]. The aerial parts of the plant, especially in the form of a methanolic extraction, has been shown to have a very effective wound healing ability[
1167
Title
Wound Healing Activity of Rubus sanctus Schreber (Rosaceae): Preclinical Study in Animal Models
Publication
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Vol 2011, Article ID 816156, 6 pages
Author
Ipek Suntar; Ufuk Koca;Hikmet Keles; & Esra Kupeli Akkol
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
A study on the wound healing properties of Rubus sanctus
].

An ethanolic extract of the roots and aerial parts has been shown to exert a significant antinociceptive (pain reduction) effect. However, the extract also had a tendency to induce gastric damage[
1167
Title
Wound Healing Activity of Rubus sanctus Schreber (Rosaceae): Preclinical Study in Animal Models
Publication
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Vol 2011, Article ID 816156, 6 pages
Author
Ipek Suntar; Ufuk Koca;Hikmet Keles; & Esra Kupeli Akkol
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
A study on the wound healing properties of Rubus sanctus
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Most, if not all, thicket-forming species of Rubus have good erosion control value. They usually grow satisfactorily on barren and infertile soils and invade and occupy eroded areas. They also establish quickly on burns, old fields, and logged areas. Forming extensive and nearly impenetrable thickets, they can provide excellent cover for wildlife as well as nesting sites for small birds. They are often natural pioneer species, paving the way for woodlands to develop, but they should only really be used within their native range in order to avoid any risks of them invading other habitats[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

The plant is used in blackberry breeding programmes[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[
168
Title
Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Grae. I.
Publisher
MacMillan Publishing Co. New York.
Year
1974
ISBN
0-02-544950-8
Description
A very good and readable book on dyeing.
].

Propagation

Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires one month stratification at about 3°c and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn.
Division in early spring or just before leaf-fall in the autumn[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2020-08-08. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Rubus+sanctus>

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