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Common Name: Indian Hawthorn
Rhaphiolepis indica is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 1.5 metres tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and dyestuff. It is grown as an ornament, where it can be used as a hedge.
E. Asia - S. China from Yunnan eastwards.
], slopes, roadsides and streamside thickets at elevations of 100 - 1600 metres[
Requires a well-drained moisture retentive fertile loam or peaty soil in a warm sheltered sunny position[
]. Tolerates all but the hottest desert climates[
A very ornamental plant[
], it is hardier in Britain than is generally supposed, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[
]. Plants succeed outdoors in S. Cornwall[
] but are generally best grown on a sunny south-facing wall[
Plants do not require pruning[
A polymorphic species, there are a number of named varieties selected for their ornamental value[
Plants resent root disturbance and so are best grown in pots and then planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible[
]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[
]. No more details are given.
Plants can be used for informal hedging in areas that are frost free or almost so[
Dark blue, turquoise and purple dyes are obtained from the fruit[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a warm greenhouse[
]. Stored seed should be sown in late winter/early spring in a warm greenhouse[
]. Germination is variable[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5cm with a heel, September/early autumn in a frame. Fair percentage[