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Common Name: Chinese Buckthorn
Rhamnus utilis is a Deciduous Shrub up to 3.00 metres tall.
It has miscellaneous uses.
Although no specific mention of toxicity has been found for this species, there is the suggestion that some members of this genus could be mildly poisonous[
E. Asia - E. and C. China, S. Japan.
Roadsides and thickets in W. Hupeh, to 1600 metres[
Succeeds in any reasonably good soil[
]. Requires a well-drained soil in a sunny position[
The species in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
This species is dioecious[
] - both male and female plants will need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
A green dye is obtained from the bark[
]. It is obtained from the leaves[
]. The fruit, bark and leaves contain a yellow dyestuff[
An oil obtained from the seed is used as a lubricant[
Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed will require 1 - 2 months cold stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame or outdoor seedbed. Germination is usually good, at least 80% by late spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, autumn in a frame.
Layering in early spring.