The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Red Berry
Rhamnus croceus is a Evergreen Shrub up to 4.00 metres tall.
It has edible uses.
Although no specific mention of toxicity has been found for this species, there is the suggestion that some members of this genus could be mildly poisonous[
South-western N. America - California to Arizona, south to Mexico.
Scrub and open forests below 1500 metres[
]. Dry washes and canyons[
Succeeds in any reasonably good soil[
]. Requires a well-drained sunny site[
Plants are possibly hardy to -15°c according to one report[
], whilst another says that this species is rather tender in Britain[
The sub-species R. croceus ilicifolia. Greene. often forms a tree up to 7 metres tall[
The species in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
The flowers are produced in small clusters in the leaf axils or from small persistent bracts on shoots of the year[
]. Plants of this species can be hermaphrodite or dioecious[
]. If fruit and seed is required it is necessary to grow a hermaphrodite form, or male and female forms.
Fruit - raw[
]. If eaten in large quantities they can temporarily tinge the skin red[
]. The fruit is about 5 - 6mm in diameter[
] and has a thin dry flesh[
]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed will require 1 - 2 months cold stratification at about 5° and should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame or outdoor seedbed[
]. Germination is usually good, at least 80% by late spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, autumn in a frame.
Layering in early spring[