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Useful Temperate Plants

Pseudosasa humilis

(Mitford) T.Q.Nguyen

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Arundinaria fortunei viridis Mitford

Arundinaria gauntlettii A.H.Lawson

Arundinaria humilis Mitford

Arundinaria variegata major Makino ex I.Tsuboi

Arundinaria virens (Makino) Ohwi

Bambusa gracilis Bean

Nipponocalamus asanoi (Nakai) Nakai

Nipponocalamus humilis (Mitford) Nakai

Nipponocalamus koshisimonii (Koidz.) Nakai

Nipponocalamus lasiochlamys (Nakai) Nakai

Nipponocalamus longifolius (Nakai) Nakai

Nipponocalamus ohmiensis (Koidz.) Nakai

Nipponocalamus ryokeanus (Koidz.) Nakai

Nipponocalamus usuiensis (Nakai) Nakai

Nipponocalamus virens (Makino) Nakai

Pleioblastus asanoi Nakai

Pleioblastus fortunei viridis Muroi & H.Okamura

Pleioblastus humilis (Mitford) Nakai

Pleioblastus koshisimonii Koidz.

Pleioblastus lasiochlamys Nakai

Pleioblastus longifolius Nakai

Pleioblastus ohmiensis Koidz.

Pleioblastus ryokeanus Koidz.

Pleioblastus toyokensis Nakai

Pleioblastus usuiensis Nakai

Pleioblastus variegatus major (Makino ex I.Tsuboi) Makino & Nemoto

Pleioblastus virens Makino

Sasa gauntlettii A.H.Lawson

Sasa humilis (Mitford) E.G.Camus

Yushania humilis (Mitford) W.C.Lin

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Pseudosasa humilis is an evergreen bamboo that can grow 60 - 200cm tall; the erect, woody culms are 4 - 7mm in diameter with thin-walled internodes. The rhizomes are elongated, the plant having a running habit that can produce new canes some distance from the main clump, especially in warm climates.
The plant is grown as an ornamental in gardens, where it is often used as a ground cover in shady situations, and can also be used for soil stabilization.
The rootstock is running and can be invasive[
25
Title
Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Lawson.
Publisher
Faber
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
Fairly comprehensive, it was once the standard work but is now rather dated. Deals with species hardy in Britain, giving cultivation details and some uses.
]. The plant is still widely sold and is said to be easily controlled by mowing.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

E. Asia - central Japan.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Pseudosasa humilis can tolerate winter temperatures down to at least -10°c.
Succeeds in most soils but prefers a good loamy soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
] in a sheltered position in semi-shade[
25
Title
Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Lawson.
Publisher
Faber
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
Fairly comprehensive, it was once the standard work but is now rather dated. Deals with species hardy in Britain, giving cultivation details and some uses.
]. Dislikes drought[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Requires shelter from cold winds[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
New shoots are produced from late spring[
25
Title
Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Lawson.
Publisher
Faber
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
Fairly comprehensive, it was once the standard work but is now rather dated. Deals with species hardy in Britain, giving cultivation details and some uses.
].
This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves.
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time. This species often has sporadic flowering, with some stems flowering and producing fertile seed then dying[
122
Title
The Plantsman. Vol. 1. 1979 - 1980.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Royal Horticultural Society
Year
1979
ISBN
-
Description
Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants. A good article on the flowering of bamboos.
], but other stems continuing to grow and new stems being produced[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plants extensive and invasive root system make it a useful ground cover for erosion control[
195
Title
The Book of Bamboo
Publication
 
Author
Farrelly. D.
Publisher
Sierra Club.
Year
1984
ISBN
0-87156-825-X
Description
Very readable, giving lots of information on the uses of bamboos, both temperate and tropical.
]. However, it should only be used for this purpose within its native range because of its propensity to spread into the surrounding environment and become a weed{[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - if possible, surface sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Stored seed should be sown as soon as it is received. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse or cold frame until they are large enough to plant out, which could be a number of years. The plants only flower at intervals of several years and so seed is rarely available.
Division as the plant comes into growth in spring. Take divisions with at least three canes in the clump, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main plant as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-12-05. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Pseudosasa+humilis>

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