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Common Name: Oxlip
Primula elatior is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.30 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
Europe, including Britain, from Sweden to the Alps and S. Russia.
Woods and meadows on chalky boulder clay[
|Pollinators||Bees, Lepidoptera, Self
Prefers a medium to heavy moisture retentive humus rich loam in a cool position with light to medium shade[
], though it succeeds in heavier shade[
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils and in chalky soils[
A very ornamental plant[
], there are a number of subspecies[
]. The subspecies P. elatior meyeri is a parent of the P. x pruhonicensis group of ornamental hybrids[
This species hybridizes readily with P. vulgaris[
Young leaves - raw or cooked in soups etc[
]. They have a mild flavour and are available in late winter[
The root is diuretic and expectorant[
]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, flu and other febrile conditions, insomnia and migraine[
]. The root can be harvested in the spring or autumn and is dried for later use[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[
]. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°c[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle and plant out in the summer.
Division in autumn. This is best done every other year[