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Common Name: Oxlip
Primula elatior is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.30 metres tall.
It has edible and medicinal uses.
Europe, including Britain, from Sweden to the Alps and S. Russia.
Woods and meadows on chalky boulder clay[
|Pollinators||Bees, Lepidoptera, Self
Prefers a medium to heavy moisture retentive humus rich loam in a cool position with light to medium shade[
], though it succeeds in heavier shade[
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils and in chalky soils[
A very ornamental plant[
], there are a number of subspecies[
]. The subspecies P. elatior meyeri is a parent of the P. x pruhonicensis group of ornamental hybrids[
This species hybridizes readily with P. vulgaris[
Young leaves - raw or cooked in soups etc[
]. They have a mild flavour and are available in late winter[
The root is diuretic and expectorant[
]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, flu and other febrile conditions, insomnia and migraine[
]. The root can be harvested in the spring or autumn and is dried for later use[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[
]. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°c[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle and plant out in the summer.
Division in autumn. This is best done every other year[