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Common Name: Sea Plantain
Plantago maritima is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.20 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
Western Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Spain, Hungary and Russia.
Short turf in salt marshes near the sea and by streams in mountains, usually in saline or wet soils[
Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[
An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[
Young leaves - raw or cooked[
]. A delicious flavour[
]. This is one of the nicer-tasting members of the genus, the leaves are fairly low in fibres and make an acceptable addition to a mixed salad[
]. The leaves are canned for winter use in Alaska[
Seed - raw or cooked. The seed can be ground into a powder and used as a flour extender[
]. The seed is very small and tedious to harvest[
Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[
]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.
A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.