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Useful Temperate Plants

Passiflora bryonioides

Kunth

Passifloraceae

+ Synonyms

Passiflora inamoena A.Gray

Decaloba bryonioides (Kunth) M.Roem.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Passiflora bryonioides is a clump-forming, herbaceous perennial plant producing annual, climbing stems 50 - 200cm long from a thickened woody rotstock. The stems attach themselves to the surrounding vegetation by means of tendrils[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southwestern N. America - southern Arizona to southern Mexico (Oaxaca)

Habitat

Semi-arid thorn scrub, grassy chaparral-type vegetation (Ilano espinoso), canyons in arid areas, or sometimes in open dry grassy low oak or pine forest; at elevations from 1,100 - 2,150 metres[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Passiflora bryonioides is found from the semi-arid, subtropical climate of Arizona, south to the moist tropics of southern Mexico. Not a very cold hardy plant, when dormant it can tolerate short periods with temperatures falling to around -8°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Passiflora species generally grow best in a sheltered, sunny position or in dappled shade. Most species are found in the wild in moist but well-drained soils, generally of a lighter texture, and will often flower and fruit more heavily if the soil fertility is low. They often develop deep roots and can be moderately tolerant of dry spells. Most Passiflora species prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline soil, growing best where the pH is around 6. 5 - 7.5[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
The plant tolerates disturbance well, often climbing inside shrubs to emerge at their tops, especially in grazed areas; in
rangeland it is a plant of hedgerows[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The juicy, watery arils of the fruit are prized by children and are sometimes also eaten as a thirst-quencher by adults[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The pale green or light yellowish green, ovoid or ellipsoid fruit is 35 - 45mm long (including a 2 - 9mm long stipe) and 20 - 25mm in diameter[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The translucent, whitish to yellowish white, fleshy arils are 11 - 15mm long, gelatinous in texture with a sweet, somewhat fruity-scented aroma[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in mid winter and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[
88
Title
The Garden. Volume 112.
Publication
 
Author
RHS.
Publisher
Royal Horticultural Society
Year
1987
ISBN
-
Description
Snippets of information from the magazine of the RHS. In particular, there are articles on plants that are resistant to honey fungus, oriental vegetables, Cimicifuga spp, Passiflora species and Cucurbits.
]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold.
Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Leaf bud cuttings in spring.
Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[
3
Title
Growing Unusual Fruit.
Publication
 
Author
Simmons. A. E.
Publisher
David & Charles; Newton Abbot.
Year
1972
ISBN
0-7153-5531-7
Description
A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-10-18. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Passiflora+bryonioides>

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