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Useful Temperate Plants

Parkinsonia florida

(Benth. ex A.Gray) S.Watson

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Circidium floridum Benth. ex A.Gray

Cercidium torreyanum (S.Watson) Sarg.

Parkinsonia torreyana S.Watson

Common Name: Blue Palo Verde

No Image.

General Information

Parkinsonia florida is a prickly, deciduous shrub or a tree with a spreading crown; it usually grows from 2.5 - 8 metres tall, occasionally reaching 12 metres[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southwestern N. America - California, Arizona, northern Mexico

Habitat

Found mainly in fine soils along washes and on flood plains; for the most part at elevations below 1,100 metres[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height5.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Parkinsonia florida is a plant of arid and semi-arid climates in southwestern N. America, experiencing high summer temperatures and a highly variable rainfall[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
Requires a sunny position, growing in soils with low levels of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. It is usually found on sandy to gravelly, coarse loamy to fine sandy soils overlain with fine gravel[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The leaves of this plant are ephemeral, being mainly present in the rainy season. Much of the photosynthesis is carried out by the plant's green stems[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This species occasionally forms hybrids throughout its range with yellow paloverde (Parkinsonia microphylla).
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

Seeds - cooked[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The dried beans were roasted (often until almost burnt) then ground into a powder and made into a mush or into cakes[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. Usually viewed as a famine food and only used when better foods were not available[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seedpods are 3 - 11cm long, each pod containing 1 - 8 (usually 3) flat seeds 9 - 12mm long and 5 - 7mm wide[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Green pods - eaten raw[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The immature pods and green seeds are eaten cooked[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is soft and close-grained. The trunk and any branches large enough were traditionally used to make ladles[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-10-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Parkinsonia+florida>

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