Cacalia firma Kom.
Koyamacalia firma H.Rob. & Brettell
Miricacalia firma Nakai
Parasenecio firmus is an erect, herbaceous, perennial plant producing a single, stout stem growing up to 2 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
E. Asia - northeastern China, northern Korea.
]. Forest understories, margins of forests and open spaces; at elevations from 800 - 1,100 metres[
Species in this genus generally prefer a moist peaty or leafy lime-free soil in shade or semi-shade[
Plants tend to be somewhat invasive, they are best suited to naturalizing in the wild or woodland garden[
Leaves - cooked[
Seed - we have no information on this species but suggest sowing the seed in spring in a cold frame. Surface sow or only just cover the seed and do not allow the compost to dry out. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade until they are large enough to plant out.
Division in spring.